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Genocide and the Anti War movement

While we all are familiar with the fate of Jews during WWII during the holocaust, the fate of 40,000,000 Americans poisoned by there own government is but a forgotten legacy.  As early as 1968 Harold Humes aka Doc began noticing that marijuana being transported into the New Jersey area contained poisons.  He delivered samples of this marijuana to local police officials in Princeton, New Jersey and was later arrested for possession. 

 Americans did not learn that their children had been poisoned by their own government until almost a decade later.  Humes work to stop this government program continued in Cambridge, Massachusetts when a group of students from Harvard collected over 100 samples of marijuana from a variety of sources.  A professor in the Chemistry department as Harvard gave us a simple means of determining whether there were any organic chemicals on the marijuana.  They found that 96 of the 100 samples had been poisoned.  Paraquat was only one of many substances deliberately being put on marijuana.  When the student confronted Peter Bourne about this problem in private he admitted that the situation involved more than just the Mexican herb being sprayed with paraquat that was getting all the press.

In a future meeting with an undisclosed source in the FBI, we were told that the military was poisoning marijuana smokers as they blamed them for losing the Vietnam War.  On one occasion we were able to trace the movement of poisoned marijuana into the Boston area.  Marijuana was moving from South America to Houston, Texas (where the toxins most likely where being applied) and then being transported to Massachusetts on LNG Gas tankers controlled by the Peabody family.  There is little doubt that this program resulted in the deaths of more individuals then died during the Holocaust.  For example, if one looks at the demographics of the Breast Cancer Epidemic you will notice that the highest rates of cancer are all centered around areas of the United States that were prominent in the Anti-War movement.   This is not to say that this is the only thing behind the Breast Cancer epidemic, but on the other hand this program resulted in cancers occurring in a large number of individuals and I am sure it involves many different types of cancer.  (Paraquat by the way is also known to cause reproductive problems)

 Despite tainted samples being supplied to scientist at MIT, Harvard and the Massachusetts State police, we were never able to get results on the many different toxins that were being used to poison people.  The Massachusetts State police stating they had lost the samples.  Governor Dukakis eventually signed extradition papers for Humes to be delivered to New Jersey for his original charges of possession despite having all the facts.  Humes never stood trail but was seriously beaten and released from prison without a trail.

 In September of 1979 I wrote a letter to then President Bok of Harvard telling him that his legacy at Harvard would be of a man who stood by while his student population was being poisoned.  The next day in a meeting with Bok and other students, Bok assured me that the program would stop.  The following morning on the headline of the Globe read:  President Carter ends Paraquat spraying program.

 It is never to late to bring to justice those involved in this program or to do the necessary studies to determine who died and why.

Chuck Tuner: Political Life in the Land of Justice

I see in the near future a crisis approaching that unnerves me and causes me to tremble for the safety of my country; corporations have been enthroned, an era of corruption in High Places will follow, and the Money Power of the Country will endeavor to prolong its reign by working upon the prejudices of the People, until the wealth is aggregated in a few hands, and the Republic is destroyed. I feel at this moment more anxiety for the safety of my country than ever before, even in the midst of war

Abraham Lincoln

In typical style the media erupted in joy as a 2cd Black Leader of the black community was indicted for bribery this week in Boston.   These two individuals, Diane Wilkerson and Chuck Turner have done more for the black community in the Boston than most.  As to Diane Wilkerson fate, one can only conclude that this is not the first time that she had used bad judgment.

As to the fate of Chuck Turner, I am come to a much more radical conclusion.  Why would the US Federal Attorney Michael Sullivan and FBI Boston chief Michael Bamford spent such limited resources to target someone who is owned more than $120,000 from his own campaign?  Chuck Turner uses part of his income to provide services for his own community by funding an out reaches office right in his community.  The services provided by this office are unmatched by any of his contemporaries in the entire Boston City Council.  At the very worst there is a failure to report a campaign contribution, although I am sure that there is a lot to be learned at trial, which in my opinion is a colossal waste of taxpayer’s money.

I believe that Sullivan and Bamford had quite different motives in mind, self-protection.  In all honesty I did not want to talk about this story until the day after Obama had been inaugurated for reason you will understand as you learn the facts.  My tale begins in 1995 when while working in a residential program for HIV positive drug addicts I met Johnny.  Johnny had worked for Whitey Buglers organization for more than 2 decades.

Johnny used me as his confessor as he walked through the steps of AA.  I learned a lot about how organized crime worked in Boston.  What I learned from Johnny that interested me most though was his stories about traveling to South Florida to pick up kilos of cocaine for delivery to Dorchester and Roxbury for more than a decade.  By my own estimates more than $350 Million Dollars worth of product.

In 1994 as a senior at Harvard I called on of then US Attorney General, Janet Reno to protect my First Amendment rights and gain me access to AT&T 900 services for fundraising purposes.  AT&T denied me service calling the commercial that I wanted to run in Texas concerning Bush Family involvement in the narcotics trade libelous.  I got a “Dear John” letter from the Head of the Civil Right Division in the Clinton administration, our own Governor Deval Patrick telling me no one in the Reno Justice Department was interested in defending this issue.  My professors at Harvard were calling me a bipolar maniac as I warned them that if another Bush entered the White House the country was in for a disaster.

 Ultimately this story is one about why the US Attorney and the FBI choose to run a sting operations specifically against 2 of Boston’s finest Black Leaders, especially considering the level of political corruption in many areas of Massachusetts politics but most especially in the areas of Development and Construction were Billions of Dollars has changed hands.  I make that observation having left the Architectural Millwork business in Boston after realizing that to be part of the system you were required to do favors as part of your contract obligations.  I watched thousands and thousands of dollars change hands on almost every project I participated in.  I refused to pay the Game.  So this story is about how best to use of governments resources at a time when our entire community is in crisis.  There has been no greater leader in Boston during this crisis than Chuck Turner.

For those of you who sat ringside, watching our economic world crash over the last few months, this crisis has lasted over 30 years in Boston’s Black neighborhoods.  This crisis is a direst result of government involvement in the narcotics trade.  The pain of this tragedy is written across the faces of thousands of families who lost loved ones during this crisis.

 In June of 2007, I approached Chuck Turner about helping me to introduce to Boston City Council what Johnny had helped me establish beyond any reasonable doubt. Whitney Bulger operated in Boston for more than a decade because he was being protected by a “Secret Power” structure built by George Herbert Walker Bush while he was Vice President.

 I intended to ask Chuck Turner to introduce this petition to the Boston City Council to support my effort in court to recover the profits from this criminal cartel and return it to Boston in the form of economic development money.   Bamford and Sullivan had a lot to loose with these revelations.  These facts will demonstrate clearly that neither one of them is capable of doing their jobs.  It is without a doubt that both the FBI and the US Attorney do know about the true nature of this problem.  They both had a lot to gain by derailing Chuck Turner before he made a fool of them both.

The Boston City Council tonight should vote to refocus on the needs of the city, and let Chuck Turner continue his admiral service to the community.  US Attorney Michael Sullivan and FBI Boston Chief Bamford should be removed from duty for using their offices for political purposes. 

 

 

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder- Where the mind and body meet.

         Veterans from the Vietnam War have frequently reported that marijuana helps them manage PTSD, particularly the flashbacks associated with combat.  Psychologist familiar with treating PTSD are known to recommend the use of marijuana to their patients.   In an experiment at Massachusetts General Hospital conducted by the Harvard Psychology department veterans with PTSD  were shown pictures of the Vietnam war in order to stimulate the experience of 'flashback'.  Positron Emission Topography (PET) was used before and after each patient's session to determine which areas of the brain were most highly stimulated.  The hippocampus and the putamen were significantly more active during flashback, then other areas of the brain.  The activation of these particular areas of the brain are important for two reasons, first as we have demonstrated earlier these areas are clearly modulated by THC, secondly it suggests a mind/hippocampus/memory and body/putamen/muscle component to PTSD.  Could marijuana be involved in the regulation of memory in those veterans who find marijuana gives them symptomatic relieve.  While marijuana has been reported to effect short term memory, might it also play a role in the re-integration of traumatic memory in patients who have suffered emotional trauma.   

         Norbert Weiner, the father of information theory and the neuro-network approach to brain function believed that traumatic memory played a potential role in many types of mental disorders.  In his book,  Cybernetics: or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine,  he outlined a systems approach for understanding neurophysiology.  Weiner was one of the first scientists to recognize the importance of feedback in the nervous system stating,  "an excessive feedback is likely to be as serious a feedback to organized activity as a defective feedback."  He stated:

        We thus found a most significant confirmation of our hypothesis concerning the nature of at least some voluntary activity.  It will be noted that our point of view considerably transcended that current among neurophysiologists.  The central nervous system no longer appears as a self-regulated organ, receiving inputs from the senses and discharging into the muscles.  On the contrary, some of its most characteristic activities are explicable only as circular processes, emerging from the nervous system into the muscles, and re-entering the nervous system through the sense organ, whether they be proprioceptors or organs of the special senses.  This seems to us to mark a new step in the study of part of neurophysiology which concerns not solely the elementary process of nerves and synapses but the performance of the nervous system as a integrated whole.[i]

Recognizing the nervous system as one function unit, Weiner, went on to describe the statistical nature of the nervous function, and the importance of feedback mechanism for establishing homeostasis.   Control engineering and communication engineering were inseparable in Weiner's mind, because  problems centered not around techniques of electrical engineering, but around the notion of the message.  The message or mental state being a discrete or continuos sequence of measurements distributed in time- precisely called a time series by statisticians.[ii]  Background noise, what you might compare to static on a radio station, altered the shape or meaning of a message, and distorted its original meaning.[iii]  The degree of disorganization was related to entropy, while the  amount of information that could be processed was related to the organization of the entire nervous system.  Quite in opposition to the biological-behavioral approach to the value of mental states Weiner saw memory and its modulation as a potential factor in all mental disease.   Because Weiner's work is of such great importance in this area I will quote him at length.    

       Psychopathology has been rather a disappointment to the instinctive materialism of the doctors, who have taken the point of view that every disorder must be accompanied by material lesions of some specific tissue involved. ....These disorders (referring to schizophrenia, manic depression, and paranoia), we call functional, and this distinction seems to contravene the dogma of modern materialism that every- disorder in function has some physiological or anatomical basis in the tissues concerned. 

       This distinction between functional and organic disorders receives a great deal of light from the consideration of the computing machine. As we have already seen, it is not the empty physical structure or the computing machine that corresponds to the brain- to the adult brain at least- but the combination of this structure with the instructions given it at the beginning of a chain of operations and with all the additional information stored and gained from outside in the course of this chain. This information is stored in some physical form- in the form of memory- but part of it is in the form of circulating memories with a physical basis which vanishes when the machine is shut down or the brain dies, and part in the form  of

long-time memories, which are stored in a way  at which we can only guess, .....and even if we knew this, there is no way we can trace out the chain of neurons and synapses communicating with this, and determine the significance of this chain for the ideational content which it records.

       There is therefore nothing surprising in considering the functional mental disorders as fundamentally diseases of memory, of the circulating information kept by the brain in the active state, and of the long-time permeability of synapses. Even the grosser disorders such as paresis may produce a large part of their effects not so much by the destruction of tissue which they involve and the alteration of synaptic thresholds as by the secondary disturbances of traffic- the overload of what remains of the nervous system and the re-routing of messages-which must follow such primary injuries.

       In a system containing a large number of neurons, circular processes can hardly be stable for long periods of time. Either, as in the case of memories belonging to the specious present, they run their course, dissipate themselves, and die out, or they comprehend more and more neurons in their system, until they occupy an inordinate part of the neuron pool. This is what we should expect to be the case in the malignant worry which accompanies anxiety neuroses. In such a case, it is possible that the patient' simply does not have the room, the sufficient number of neurons, to carry out his normal processes of thought. Under such conditions, there may be less going on in the brain to load up the neurons not yet affected, so that they are all the more readily involved in the expanding process. Furthermore, the permanent memory becomes more and more deeply involved and the pathological process which occurred at first at the level of the circulating memories may repeat itself in a more intractable form at the level of the permanent memories. Thus what started as a relatively trivial and accidental reversal of stability may build itself up into a process totally destructive to the ordinary mental life.[iv]

Weiner's approach to memory and mental disorders is important for it recognizes the role that excessive or traumatic memory might play in all psycho pathological conditions.  PTSD is clearly one disorder in which memory becomes a problem of pathology.  The question arises as to whether we have the ability to clear those memories from the circuits that they occupy thereby creating more mental room for normal cognition. 

         It is my own work with several patients who suffered emotional trauma that marijuana a might be a bi-phasic pharmacological agent for memory.  In my experience one particular Vietnam veteran, I was surprised to see that at different dosages marijuana had quite different neurological effects.  At low doses combined with hypnosis it appear to facilitate the recall of traumatic memory, a recall of a traumatic event with an overall effect of lowering body tension, and improving affect.  A large dose appeared to block flashbacks.  This appears to be coincident with the hippocampus data which suggests that marijuana had a bi-phasic effect on the hippocampus.  How might this work neurologically?, and What does it tell us about the nature of endogenous ligand annadide?

         We know that cannabinoid receptors are plentiful in the two areas of which are activated during flashbacks.  One area the hippocampus regulates memory, the other motor control.  This is of extraordinary interest because it demonstrates that during the flashbacks, i.e. the evocation of Cannon's fight or flight response, mental events produce a corresponding preparation in the muscles, i.e. muscular modulation.  In other words there is a direct neurological connection between mind and body for conditions of psycho pathology. 

                  This mind (hippocampus) /body (putamen) approach to psychiatric disease is not a new one.   It was first introduced in 1933 by Wilhelm Reich, in his book, Character Analysis.  Originally a member of Freud's psychiatric circle at Vienna,  Reich began to notice that his patients who were psychologically  re-experiencing trauma were not always recovering from psychotherapy alone.  He observed that his patients were not only suffering mentally, but also from severe hardening of the neuro-musculature, which he described as body armoring.  He found that if he simultaneously treated the physical tension of the body, and the traumatic memories of the mind his patients recovered much more quickly.[v]

                  It has recently been reported that victims of physical and sexual abuse re-live the events when they get massage.  This adds another dimension to potential therapy, but suggests that the putamen, hippocampus activation during trauma may be circular in nature.  In other words, if you treat the body using massage to activate the putamen you get hippocampal activation, or changes that relate to the integration of traumatic memory, or if you alter hippocampus function through meditation or relaxation,  you can the same reaction.  It is clearly recognized that there is a one to one mapping of points in the brain to the body in the motor, somatosensory cortex, and the cerebellum, the question remains could the body be a physical representation of the mind?  An idea that is the foundation of Chinese medical theory.      This approach to trauma was recognized very early in Chinese medicine in a saying called Chua K'a.  It read as follows:

       The ancient Mongolian warriors called the Purified Bodies were without fear in their bodies.  To gain the natural state of courage, they studied fear, seeing.:

       1) we don't know our bodies.

       2) There are forbidden areas we never touch.  Why? Pain is stored there.  Why pain?

       The body is filled with little globules , all of which are blocked Kath (i.e. life energy, chi) This blocking is caused by pain which accumulates with time.  So every fear is retained in a globule with the memory of the pain which becomes a fear.  So in the body is the memory of all fears:  fear is the subjective history of pain in the body.[vi] 

This is a reference to treating the physical tension of the body, as a means to stabilizing memory.  Only by further research will we be able to understand how treatment of physical body tension effects psychopathological conditions of memory.    

         Weiner speculated on the importance of his observations about memory for the practice of medicine.   He states:

 Note that a sharp frequency line is equivalent to an accurate lock. As the brain is in some sense a control and computation apparatus, it is natural to ask whether other forms of control and computation apparatus use clocks. In fact most of them do. Clocks, are employed in such apparatus for the purpose of gating. All such apparatus must combine a large number of impulses into single pulses. If these impulses are carried by merely switching the circuit on or off, the timing of the impulses is of small importance and gating is needed. However, the consequence of this method of carrying impulses is that an entire circuit is occupied until such time as the message is turned off; and this involves putting a large part of he apparatus out of action for an indefinite period. It is thus desirable in a computing or control apparatus that the messages be carried by a combined on-and-off signal. This immediately releases the apparatus for further use. In order for this to take place, the messages must be stored so that they can be released simultaneously, and combined while they are still on the machine. For this a gating is needed, and this gating can be conveniently carried out by the use of a clock.[vii]

         Marijuana may prove to be the substance that helps in regulation of this gating mechanism.  Another clue to this process is that when gating mechanism are interrupted in Alzheimer patients whose behavior resembles a long regression back to childhood.  They lose bladder and bowel control and normal adult functioning while memories of childhood are sometimes quite clear.  Stress as been implicated as a factor in Alzheimer patients.  This disease represents a malfunction in the gating mechanisms of the hippocampus that is appears to be irreversible.  Because of the location of receptors in this area of the hippocampus, marijuana is a likely test canidate for testing its effects in the early stages of the disease.  Can marijuana help a certain type pf patient recover from chronic stress by readjusting the homeostasis between mind/body that malfunctions when the fight or flight response is repeatedly evoked?    

Drug Addiction

         According to a National Institute of Drug Abuse study the cost of drug abuse soared to $144 Billion in 1988, an increase of almost 300% from the $46 billion estimated in 1980[viii].  Today, all available statistics reflect a complete failure of drug policy, as the cost of drug abuse to society has steadily increased.  Over 520,000 deaths per year can be directly attributed to drug abuse according to the most recent government statistics,  419,000 of these directly related to tobacco addiction.[ix]  66% of all crimes of violence are committed under the influence of alcohol.   In Massachusetts, a recent study by the Department of Corrections revealed that only 300 of the 10,000 who needed drug abuse treatment where getting it, and  85% of the prison inmates reported that drug abuse was a major factor in their involvement in crime.[x]

         Since Olds and Milner discovery of reward circuit in the brain in 1954, scientist have been trying to discover a pharmacological agent that is not physically addicting that might prove to be beneficial for the treatment of opium and heroin addiction.  Gardner et al. report that THC plays a role in the modulation of opiod receptors. and enhances medial forebrain bundle (MBF) electrical reward substrates, enhancing both basal and stimulated dopamine release. and the effects are blocked by naloxone. [xi] Studies suggesting the effectiveness of marijuana in lowering narcotic abuse are not new. In 1868, The Indian Hemp Commission Report, an extensive study on the use of marijuana by the British government in India noted that people who used cannabis had a strong dislike for narcotics.[xii]        Birch in 1889 noted that the immense value of marijuana is its immediate action in appeasing the appetite for opium, restoring the appetite for food, an increase in the heart's power, and to help induce sleep.[xiii]  Both the Chinese and Indian pharmacopoeia listed marijuana as a remedy of choice for narcotics addition.  Karen Model, Harvard Kennedy School of Government, reviewed statistics for emergency room episodes related to drug overdoses and found they were 12% lower in the states that had decriminalized marijuana.  She concluded that lowering the price of marijuana reduced the abuse of other substances.[xiv]

         In 1967 in Rome Harold Humes, a student of Norbert Weiner, demonstrated that combination of deep breathing exercises, marijuana, and massage appears to eliminate the withdrawal symptoms associated with long term opiate addiction.[xv]  He described the technique in a 1979 lecture at University of Massachusetts at Amherst:

...We were trying to discover how to use a Chinese method.  You'll find in the Chinese medical textbooks that the specific remedy for chronic narcotics addiction is hashish.  But they don't tell you how to use it.  The hash alone won't do the trick.  Nor will the massage alone.  Rather the massage seems to potentate some neurological reaction which the massage triggers, to the net effect of a release...the patient actually jumps under your hands, and you can feel a bioelectrically charge released from a neuro-musculature hypertension.  these are followed by a sweat, sometimes a shout.  But you can see that the patient is immediately relieved  Narcotics addiction may be nothing more than the patient's failed attempt to treat an anxiety-tension level that has gone pathologically high.  He reduces it with the opiate, gets a few hours of relief, and then bang!-- chock a block up on his tension again.[xvi] 

         The following case history demonstrates some of the same therapeutic points earlier mentioned in the treatment of PTSD which also appear relevant in the treatment of drug addiction.

It is the second day of abstinence form heroin. . . A couple of the members of the team have entered the room and stand or squat beside the mattress.  She barely appears to be breathing but she opens her eyes briefly.  Suddenly she draws a long quivering breath and begins to sob quietly, then more even and fuller.  A pallor even more intense than that of the addiction gives way to a flush.  She is sweating profusely.

He was doing some vibratory work on her when she started crying and hyperventilating.  After, laughter and sobs came in bubbles.  She said she had a memory of the accident, something she's blocked out of her memory. .  at least some of it. . . . when she opens her eyes and sees people hovering over her, she flashes back to the beginning of her addiction.  She is lying on the stretcher in the lights of the ambulance.  Her car is a total wreck and she is lucky to be alive.  The paramedics have anxiously.  There is nothing they can do for her shattered leg there on the highway, nothing but put her in the ambulance.  Nothing but morphine for the pain.

The patient sighs deeply.  Unexpectedly, she stands up and walks under her own power to the kitchen, where  she asks for a sandwich. 
She explains how she had turned to amphetamines after six months on morphine in the hospital, and then to heroin.  In the bedroom the senior member of the team explains that the return of appetite is a clear sign that the addiction is lifted.  As in this case, it often occurs after a major release, the recall of traumatic memory and the physical body tension associated with it.[xvii]

         Humes typically found that after a patient had relived a traumatic event or learned to release it,  his male patients frequently relived experiences of  abuse by a male parent.   While this is not to imply that drug addiction is not a multi-factorial problem, many authors have stated that fear of withdrawal is the main obstacle in getting people to stop using heroin.  Lindesmith states:

 

 "Addiction to opiates is determined by the individual's reaction to the withdrawal symptoms which occur when the drug's effects are beginning to wear off, rather than upon positive euphoric effects often erroneously attributed to its continued use. The more specifically, the complex of attitudes which constitute addiction is built up in the process of conscious use of the drug to alleviate or avoid withdrawal distress. This theory, though simple in form, has considerable explanatory value, and offers a means of accounting for varied and paradoxical aspects of the habit, such as the addict's claim that he feels normal under the drug's influence, as well as his tendency to increase the dose to a point where its use becomes much more unpleasant and burdensome than it need be. The hypothesis presented makes intelligible the constant preoccupation of the addict with the drug, and explains how the unpleasant and unwelcome appellation 'dope fiend' is forced upon him.[xviii]

A method of painless detoxification could go a long way in helping prevent what appears to be the start of a major heroin epidemic.  Between 1992 and 1993 the number of emergency room visits for heroin related overdose rose from 21,400 to 30,800, an increase of 44%.[xix]

         An important consideration for using marijuana is this type of application is whether it will lead to the same abstinence syndrome after it is discontinued.  All medical authorities agree on one point, marijuana is not physically addictive.  Westlake et al. demonstrated that chronic exposure to 5, 10, 20, mg of THC/kg, did not appear to alter the striatum, cerebral cortex, cerebellum, hippocampus, and brainstem/spinal chord in the rat or monkey.[xx]

          [i]  Weiner, Norbert, Cybernetics: or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine, Cambridge: MIT Press, 1948, p.8.

         [ii]  Ibid. p.10

         [iii]  Ibid. p.12.

         [iv]  Ibid., p.147.

         [v]   Reich, Wilhelm, Character Analysis, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1933.

         [vi]   _____________, "Marijuana in Medicine: Past, Present and Future,"

         [vii]  Ibid. p.197.

         [viii]   Harwood,  Natiaonal Institute of Drug Abuse, 1988 Monograph , p. 47.

         [ix]   The New York Times National Sunday, Oct. 24, 1993

         [x]    Boston Globe - 1991

         [xi]  Gardner, Eliot L. and Lowinson, Joyce H., "Marijuna's Interaction With Brain Reward Sytem: Update 1991", Pharmacology, Biochemistry & Behavior, Vol. 40, pp.571-580. 1991

            [xii]  The Indian Hemp Commision Report, 1868, p. 375.

            [xiii]  Birch, E.A., "The Use of Indian Hemp in the Treatment of Chronic       Chloral and Opium Poisoning", Lancet: March 30, 1889.

 

            [xiv]  Passell, Peter ,"Less Marijuana, More Alcohol ?, New York Times, June 17, 1992.

         [xv]  __________, "Notes on the Painless Detoxification from Narcotics Addiction, 1982. (unpublished)

         [xvi]  Ibid., p.2.

         [xvii]  Ibid., p.2

         [xviii]  Lindesmith, A. "Opiate Addiction, Evanston:  Principia Press, 1947, pp. 87-88.

         [xix]  Gabriel, Trip,  Heroin Finds a New Market Along the Cutting Edge of Style, New York Times, May 8, 1994, p.1.

         [xx]  Westlake, Tracy C., Howlett, Allyn C.,Ali, Syed F., Paule, Merle G., Scallet, Andrew C., and Slikker, Jr.,  William,  "Chronic exposure of 9-tetrahydrocannabinol fails to irreversibly alter brain cannabinoid receptors," Brain Research, 544: 145-149, 1991.

 

How to Save a Life-2

 In 2007, shortly after President George Walker Bush, suggested to the public that he was interested in new ideas to solve the crisis in Iraq, I wrote the first part of this paper.  In How to Save a Life Part I, I laid bare the facts of the so called War on Terrorism and I sent the paper to both the State Department and President Bush. 

 Today, as we face the potential for World War III developing in the Middle East as the conflict in Syria intensifies, I ask my fellow journalists in the Corporate Media to re-examine their own standards, much like President John Fitzgerald Kennedy did when addressed the media on Patriots Day in Boston in 1963stating that the United States faced a “Clear and Present Danger.”

 As we sit on the edge of the abyss, waiting for the International Banking community to push all humanity into the fire, the most disturbing aspect I find about the situation in Syria is that our own President Obama seems to have poorer intelligence on the situation in Syria, then I do just doing research sitting at my desk in good old Dorchester, Massachusetts.

 How to Save a Life Part I examined the history of the creation of Al-Qaeda.  In Arab speaking countries an Al Qaeda is literally a small toilet, so what do you think the chances are that an international terrorist organization created to bring Jihad against the entire world would name itself after a common household item used to toilet train children in the Arab World.

 To understand how to defuse the international tension surrounding these issues, we must first recognize how we ended up where we are.  What policies did we previously institute that may have been failures.  Understanding those policy failures, we can then proceed to seek solutions with all the facts on the table. 

 In the early 1980’s William Casey, CIA director under Ronald Reagan began to fund the Mujahedeen rebels in the war against the Soviet invaders.  The key player in this organization became Osama Bin Laden, known in FBI documents as Tim Osman who traveled in the US to look at different weapons option the Mujahedeen might purchase.     The US taxpayers eventually supplied over $25 Billion in support of this project. 

 Why is this important many might ask?  Because the United States government acting through the CIA and ISI Pakistani intelligence started and funded Al Qaeda from the first day of its existence.   On July 10, 2005 British Foreign Secretary confirmed that “Al-Quaida(sic) literally 'the database,' was originally the computer file of the thousands of mujahedeen who were recruited and trained with help from the CIA to defeat the Russians." The database was maintained by Bin Laden's Maktab al Khidimat (MAK) recruiting organization, which had its headquarters at the Bait al Ansar guest house in Peshawar, Pakistan and maintained offices in Detroit and Brooklyn in the 1980s.”

 It is almost impossible to believe that at this point in the debate the US media was failed to investigate and to adequately educate the public about this fact.  And it is only half the story.  From the onset the international weapons trade has been largely funded through the sale of illegal drugs.  It is time to educate the public about the other side of the international weapons trade, what I like to call America’s dirty little secret.

 And remember we are talking about the 1980’s and the Reagan Administration is simultaneously setting up covert operations to supply weapons to Iran, Iraq, and the Contras.  We now have firmly established in the public record that the CIA used drug profits to fund what we know as the Iran Contra Affair.  Congress unfortunately refused to ask the hard questions after this revelation; a few of many being, how much money are we talking about?  Who else profited from the sale of illegal drugs?   And how did the agencies responsible for monitoring illegal drugs sale respond to the fact that their own government was involved in the illegal drug trade?

 In Afghanistan the situation was the same only the drug was not cocaine, William Casey and his comrades were helping to set up a heroin distribution network.  How successful was the program?  Before the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, the Golden Crescent (Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan) supplied less than 20 tons of heroins to the world.      Since then the Golden Crescent has become the major supplier of heroin for the world, and this year’s crop was estimated at over 200 tons. 

 It is important to understand that the support for what became a new breed of Islamic Warrior’s ready for jihad did not only include money, weapons and drugs.  Writing for Global Research just one day after the 9/11 tragedy, Michel Chossudovsky, ‘The Truth behind 911: Who Is Osama Bin Laden?” explains how:

  The CIA actually helped create training manuals in which the "Predominant themes were that Islam was a complete socio-political ideology, that holy Islam was being violated by the atheistic Soviet troops, and that the Islamic people of Afghanistan should reassert their independence by overthrowing the leftist Afghan regime propped up by Moscow."  

With the active encouragement of the CIA and Pakistan's ISI [Inter Services Intelligence], who wanted to turn the Afghan jihad into a global war waged by all Muslim states against the Soviet Union, some 35,000 Muslim radicals from 40 Islamic countries joined Afghanistan's fight between 1982 and 1992.  Tens of thousands more came to study in Pakistani madrasahs.  Eventually more than 100,000 foreign Muslim radicals were directly influenced by the Afghan jihad.  

 This madrassah program with full support from Saudi Arabia trained children as young as 7 for holy war against the invaders.  So the US was responsible for the creation of what I will call the Myth of Jihad.  And seeing how comprehensive the program was, it is not such a big surprise that we are spending Trillions of Dollars to clean up the biggest scandal in US government history.

This clean up operation unfortunately has continued since President Obama took office in January 2008.  As President Obama heads into the final stage of his Presidency, he is faced with the same task that every honest President has faced since the assassination of John Fitzgerald Kennedy.  I have argued that since the assassination of JFK, the Military Industrial Complex has owed the Oval Office.  Now that we set the stage for understanding the situation in Syria that does not differ greatly from crisis in Egypt or Libya, I would like to address the most disturbing part of the situation in Syria, Why is President Obama getting such poor intelligence on the situation in Syria?

 It certainly is common knowledge that every country in the Middle East has chemical weapons.  “On October 27, 1992, the Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs held hearings that revealed that the United States had exported chemical, biological, nuclear, and missile-system equipment to Iraq that was converted to military use in Iraq's chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons program. Many of these weapons -- weapons that the U.S. and other countries provided critical materials for -- were used against us during the war.”   Many of those same weapons are now being used to kill US soldiers in Iraq today. 

 Reagan fearing that Iran might over throw the government of Iraq began to supply a steady stream of weapons to the regime of Suddam Hussein.    Proving once and again that to supply weapons to countries to try and institute peace and prosperity has failed every time it was tried during the last hundred years.  The only people who have prospered are the members of the Military Industrial Complex that Eisenhower warned American’s about in the late 1950’s.

An analysis of the situation in Syria considering this fact is important, since the search for “Weapons of Mass Destruction” in Iraq was a key reason for the invasion.  We can be 100% certain that many of the chemical weapons provided to the Iraqi’s and other US allies in the Middle East became readily available on the international market.

 The take home point here is just because the chemical weapons are from a specific manufacturer proves nothing in relationship to who is responsible for the attack, since chemical weapons were traded openly in covert markets since the Reagan Administration.

 But even more importantly lets set the stage for the Chemical Attack on civilians and children in Syria by looking more carefully at the events leading up to the attacks.  Since understanding the situation in Syria may help us prevent World War III, lets put the events preceding the chemical attacks in a more calming perspective.

 Allegations of Syrian use of chemical weapons have been floating around the corporate media for months.  The most important fact in the Syrian Chemical attack is that President Assad had agreed to allow Chemical Weapons inspectors into the country before the attacks occurred.

 So from another perspective here is how the situation in Syria unfolded.  We are in the perfect little suburban home, and Tommy’s parents suspect that he is smoking marijuana.  Now both his parents loved Reggae Music, and still smoke in private with a wet towel at the bottom of the bedroom door and a fan in the window, but they don’t want Tommy to fall of the wagon at such an early stage in his life.  The parents sit with Tommy and express their concerns that they believe he is using marijuana. 

Now Tommy’s parent’s goal is the make their child caution and responsible about drug use and they are not ready to put him in a 30 day boot camp for rehabilitation, so they tell him they want to inspect his room to make sure he does not have drug paraphernalia.  They tell Tommy that they will inspect his room tomorrow after School when they get home from work, giving Tommy plenty of time to clean up the crime scene.

Tommy carefully cleans up his room before his parents arrive home, and then right as they begin to walk up the stairs to begin the inspection, Tommy fires up a huge joint.

 While the analogy may bring a smile to your face, Tommy behavior is what the Corporate Media and apparently the President’s National Security Team want us to believe, that President Assad would agree to a Chemical Weapons inspection and then suddenly right before the Inspectors arrive he would order a chemical attack.

This is simply an impossibility.  Another possible scenario is that a rogue agent from inside of the Syrian Military with ties to Mossad and the CIA deliberately targeted civilians just as they have done through out the Middle East.  You get the picture.

 It is a 100 % certainty that the rebels trying to overthrow the Syrian government include many former members of Al-Qaeda.  It is a 100% certain that when work runs out in Syria they will need new replacement work, and terrorism is the only thing they have ever been trained in, so what does this says about the safety of our own country?

 So as you remember, the little toilet, Al-Qaeda, was created by the United States.  In reality Al-Qaeda is at least a 100 different political organizations, small groups of men who believe they are fighting for the cause in one way or another.  Understanding the philosophy behind Jihad is a waste of time, since it was our own CIA training manuals that trained Jihadists.

 The take home point here is that there are many different factions and who controls each of the separate organizations within what our so called Military Intelligence analysis call “Al-Qaeda” is the key to understanding the situation in Syria, and all other conflicts in the Middle East.

 Even Robert Mueller the FBI Chief in Washington D.C. for the past 12 years, when being interviewed for his last message to the American people warned us that some of the fighters battling against Assad regime had been trained and recruited in the United States.

This is an important admission from a man who under United States law as Director of the highest law enforcement agency in the United States committed Treason for most of his tenure at the FBI.  Federal Statute makes it clear that it is a Felony for any government official who knows that Treason is being committed against the Untied States of America to not report or prosecute those crimes.   The crimes at this point in history are piled deeper than the bodies from the chemical attack in Syria, and for those who understand history, time is running short.

 So apparently the Obama National Security Team lacks something, courage?  Now unlike many of my friends on the left, I don’t blame the President for wanting to stay alive:   faith?  As I said every single President since the assassination of JFK has faced the same diabolical dilemma, how can I effectively create change, when real time threats exist all around me?

 Or perhaps they lack intelligence?  Now I am not suggesting that the individual members of the team don’t know how to fill in the blanks on a multiple choice test, or even create an effective foreign policy sound bite, but that the situation in Syria clearly demonstrates that there are members of his “National Security Team” that are deliberately providing false intelligence to the President to protect their own personal interests.

Now admittedly like many “Internet Irregulars”, I knew almost immediately that the chemical weapons attack in Syria could not possibly have been ordered by the Syrian President Assad.   I drew that conclusion from examining the messages distributed by both people who support the Syrian Government and President Assad, and those who support the “Syrian Rebels and the Free Syrian Army.”

 The most difficult tasks in learning to use the Internet to get reliable data, is that before the Internet we had only “All the News that fit to print”, the message here was clear and well established in the CIA program Mocking Bird to control the press;  the public will get information on a need to know basis.  As we know the NSA scandal has opened Pandora’s Box on the old system of information distribution.

 Now we have the opposite problem, an over whelming amount of information so much information that just like in the Garden of Eden distinguishing between good and evil is almost impossible.

 In January of 2011, my teacher and Pastor at the time Reverend Marcellus Norris who is now at St. Luke AME in Harlem, preached from 2 Chronicles 20:  

Jehoshaphat was the 4th king of Judah in around 870 BC.  Now in his early years as a ruler Jehoshapat was known for unholy alliance with the North Kingdom, and as a ruler who liked to assert his dominance through military conquest.  Idolatry was wide spread through out the kingdom as the administrators of the kingdom were controlled by sexual corruption in high places.

After being warned by the prophet Jehu to mend his evil ways or face the wrath of God it is said that Jehoshaphat repented and sought to put God’s Kingdom back on the right path.  

 4 Jehoshaphat lived in Jerusalem, and he went out again among the people from Beersheba to the hill country of Ephraim and turned them back to the Lord, the God of their ancestors. 5 He appointed judges in the land, in each of the fortified cities of Judah. 6 He told them, “Consider carefully what you do, because you are not judging for mere mortals but for the Lord, who is with you whenever you give a verdict. 7 Now let the fear of the Lord be on you. Judge carefully, for with the Lord our God there is no injustice or partiality or bribery.”

8 In Jerusalem also, Jehoshaphat appointed some of the Levites, priests and heads of Israelite families to administer the law of the Lord and to settle disputes. And they lived in Jerusalem. 9 He gave them these orders: “You must serve faithfully and wholeheartedly in the fear of the Lord. 10 In every case that comes before you from your people who live in the cities—whether bloodshed or other concerns of the law, commands, decrees or regulations—you are to warn them not to sin against the Lord; otherwise his wrath will come on you and your people. Do this, and you will not sin. 

11 “Amariah the chief priest will be over you in any matter concerning the Lord, and Zebadiah son of Ishmael, the leader of the tribe of Judah, will be over you in any matter concerning the king, and the Levites will serve as officials before you. Act with courage, and may the Lord be with those who do well.”

Now there is an important lesson for getting your kingdom in order here, if you do not have a system of Justice, then the Kingdom of God will not be protected.  As I have said for more than 37 years now, there will be no peace in the United States until there is Justice! 

As Jehoshaphat brought home the troops and decided that military intervention was not the way to create peace with his enemies, the Kingdom of Judah, God’s Kingdom began to prosper.  As the Kingdom of Judah prospered, it became the envy of its neighbors.  Sounds like a familiar scenario in the Modern World today does it not?

The northern kingdoms of Moabites and Ammonites and some of the Meunites decided that they had had enough of King Jehoshaphat so they decided that they would form an alliance and attack the Kingdom of Judah. 

All of King Jehoshaphat’s advisers gathered around him to warn him that the northern troops were about to attack the kingdom and that it was time to prepare for battle.  Sounds just a little too much like the typical situation facing every President the Kennedy assassination now does it not?  King Jehoshaphat ordered the Kingdom to fast and to pray for the safety of the Kingdom stating that only God could protect the Kingdom.

Now you could imagine the seen around the National Security Conference table whether the President was LBJ, Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan, Bush or even Obama if while in face of a clear and present dangers to the Untied States, the Executive Orders his advisors to fast and pray for the next 30 days and I will re-assemble the team after you all have clean heart and minds in the face of the Lord.

King Jehoshaphat continued his prayers for peace for the Kingdom of Judah, God’s Kingdom, until it was clear that the moment for battle was near.  God told Jehoshaphat to send in the Levites as the first line of defense. 

Now for those who have forgotten their history, the Levites where the one who followed the strict code of personal behavior and grooming set out in Leviticus.  Primary in that code was that neither a comb nor a scissors should ever touch your hair as it was the source of one’s connection with the Holy Spirit.  In the modern era, Bob Marley is the most famous Levite.

 The Levites where the singers and musician responsible for creating music for celebrating and praising God, so you can imagine the look on the face of King Jehoshaphat’s National Security team, when he instructed his military planners to send the singers and musicians praising God as the first line of defense when surrounded on all sides by their enemies. 

Reluctantly, the Levites began to march into the Valley singing and praising God and the enemies of the Kingdom of Judah became so confused that the Moabites and the Ammonites began to fight and kill each others, and just as the Lord had promised King Jehoshaphat without ever firing one shot, the Kingdom of Judah, God’s Kingdom remained safe.

Since the Financial Crash of 2008, the United States has still not developed a plan to recover from the thunderbolt from the east to the west that destroyed what Mao Tse Tung aptly called the “Paper Tiger”.  The Paper Tiger was an international banking cartel whose main goal was to steal 3rd world natural resources, and control international trade through the restriction of the flow of capital. 

After hearing Reverend Norris sermon, I decided I would jump into my own battle and I would join the Tea Party and Patriot Movement discussions on the problems that faced the United States.  I had been invited to participate after a member of the movement had read several on my papers on the financial crisis in October 2008, and if you remember at the time, the Tea Party and Patriot Movement had a real agenda, Banking Reform and ending the Patriot act.

Both these ideas have dropped from the political landscape as Adelson and the Koch Brothers gained full control over the Tea Party message.   The new “Tea Party” radio station is called “Chaos Radio”, and this would raise alarm bells in any well informed citizen’s mind since “Operation Chaos” was name of a late 1960’s CIA/military psychological warfare program brought to life by the Nixon administration.

So I saw my journey into the Tea Party, Patriot Movement debates as an opportunity to study the messages of the movement.  The spiritual essence of any movement is their philosophy, and philosophy is the study of the message.  I was also curious to discover how a movement that spent so much time throwing disadvantaged Americans, black or white under the bus, while simultaneous calling itself a “Christian Movement.”

Over the course of 4 years, more than 50% of the messages communicated by the wing of the Tea Party and Patriot movement I was participating in, were “Anti-Muslim Hate speech.”

The basic premise of the “Anti-Muslim” propaganda is not new to any of my internet irregulars.  The mantra repeated over and over again was:  President Obama is a Muslim, Muslim are bringing Islam and sharia law to your community soon, and Israel should be allowed to conduct their foreign policy as they please since Arabs really are not people in the eyes of God.

So I decided to not just read the posting and study the message, but more importantly to find out where was the message originating.  Not surprisingly the techniques for establishing this type of psychological warfare campaign can be trace to Paul Valley who was head of the Psychological Warfare Division of the Army in San Francisco when he wrote in 1980, From PSYOP to Mind War:  The Psychology of Victory.

Paul Valley went on to become a head cheer leader for the War in Afghanistan and Iraq as Fox New Channels primary military analysis. 

I dug a little deeper, and working with ex-military officials along side of Paul Valley were numerous former members of the Israel military and Mossad.

So under cover of the internet, an alliance between former military leaders and Israel was actively promoting hate speech.  And it should surprise no one that the same people who are promoting the intellectual assault on Muslim, are the same retired military leader from the United States military, the CIA and Mossad who are profiting from the War of Terrorism.

So when I have observed former United States military leaders and Mossad, promoting the Syrian Chemical weapons story even before it was news, I am almost 100% certain that the Chemical Attack in Syria was just another in a long series of false flag attacks to justify another military intervention in the Middle East.  The use of the nuclear option in Syria will not be ruled out if the Untied States is stupid enough to fall for another Israel side show according the military leaders in the Soviet Union.

When King Jehoshaphat decided to rule the Kingdom of Judah based on God’s law, the first thing he did was to make sure that the Justice Department actually was responsible for administration of justice.  President Obama has reached a turning point in his administration, will he step to the Dance Floor and dance with the Devil like all his predecessors, and risk the destruction of all humanity or shall he decide that it is time for justice in the United States. 

Israel and its neo-conservatives allies who committed treason against the United States of America on September 11, 2001, will continue to wreck havoc on the world until they are brought to justice.  The only hope they have to escape exposure is to continue their hopeless trail of blood and destruction in order to distract the public from what will be their ultimate destruction.  When Michael Ruppert gave his famous speech at the Commonwealth Club in San Francisco in August 2004, the writing has been on the wall ever since for the Babylonian Kingdom.

Dick Cheney is the prime suspect in the 9/11 tragedy, and his main foreign accomplishes were both the Israel and British governments.  The United States of America is in a state of clear and present danger until we have our next King Jehoshaphat.   There will be no peace until there is Justice.  And lets just not forget for the last 50 years when Presidents of the Untied States have tried to help the Palestinian people, they have always been sabatoaged from within. 

 

Reflections on seeing a teacher 35 years later

As I sat talking with Harvey Cox last week to share with him my vision for my return to Harvard, I suddenly realized I had sat in the same location with him in 1978.  I had read Professor Cox’s book “Turning East” and I had hoped to design a special independent focusing on the healing arts in China. 

I looked at Professor Cox and told him that I blamed him for my Harvard experience because his book had made my undergraduate education into a 20-year experience.  As is frequently the case when talking with a brilliant teacher, it was not until after our meeting that I was able to understand what I had come to tell him. 

As I sat at my desk pondering my destiny in a universe filled with chaos a week before my visit to the Professor, a voice kept telling me to- Look in your Closet, Look in your Closet.  As I opened my closer there sat a Chinese Vase that was the prized possession of my Grandmother Elizabeth May Stedman who thought she was a reincarnated Chinese person from the time she was a teenager.  Now in 1914 this was not a popular idea among her friends and family who were devout Christians. 

vase pictures 018

One short Taoist text from 200 BC, “If you learn the Way of Immortality, then although you Die, you shall not Perish” shares remarkable similarities with the Gospel of Jesus.  Since there is a 4000-year history of the study of “Immortality” in Chinese Philosophy and Medicine, I had wondered for years whether the philosophy from the Gospel originated in China?  The Taoist texts state that if you learn The Way of Immortality, then you become like a child again.  So as I unwrapped my Chinese Vase, I knew that what I was going to show my teacher would get his attention.

In 1968 shortly after Israel seized the “Dead Sea Scrolls”, John Allegro, the main translator of the Dead Sea Scroll resigned stating that he had made a discovery that would change the very foundation of the Christian tradition.  Allegro believed that since the word for “Kingdom” and “Mushroom” were from the same root word in Sumerian, that if you closely examined Scripture it was obvious that Jesus was using mushrooms to teach his followers about the joys of Salvation.

So you can imagine the look on Harvey’s face as well when I unwrapped my Vase, and there was a symbol of a red mushroom as described by Allegro with a Red Christian Cross.  I ask my teacher a question, “How is it possible that the tradition that Allegro described in his book The Mushroom and the Cross made it way into Chinese Religion.

At the base of the symbol on the Vase is the Red Cross. We think of the Red Cross as an American tradition, however the first Red Cross Society dedicated to disaster relieve started in China in the late 19th century.  Above the Red Cross, the cross with the blood of Jesus upon it, sits a Lotus Flower, traditionally associated with Heaven in Chinese philosophy.  The Red Cross can also represent the Chinese Character for Man and therefore the symbols represent a metaphor for man connected to heaven.

Man connected to Heaven is the Chinese Character for Revolution, Ko.  Between Heaven and Man lays man’s path to Salvation.  Above the Red Cross is another Lotus Flower spread wide open with the symbol of infinity in the middle of it.  The Lotus Flower can also represents the “Female Gentilia”, and the symbol of “Infinity” represents the twisting motion of the fetus as it makes its transition from the tranquility of its mother womb into the World.

Sitting on top of the blossoming Lotus Flower is Allegro’s Red Mushroom.  John Allegro believed that the “Red Mushroom” was amanita muscaria, and traces the symbolism of the red mushroom during early theological history in the Middle East.  Amanita Mascaria has always been a favorite of the intelligence community and Satanic cults since after taking Amanita a person frequently has no memory of the experience while under the influence of the drug.

Now it is said that John the Baptist was a teetotaler and Jesus was a Partier.  Why would a Christian Symbol contain a Satanic Symbol?  Every spring in ancient Greece scholars gathered in a “Secret Meeting” to celebrate the coming of.  Plato, Socrates, Aristotle all participated in this festival called the “Festival of Alesius” first written about by the great enthobotanist Richard Schulthes from Harvard.

If you revealed any of the secrets discussed during this celebration, then the penalty was death.  What Professor Schulthes discovered was that the Festival of Alesisus was based on drinking a wine made with moldy wheat, moldy purple wheat.  The active ingredient of moldy purple wheat is:

psil•o•cy•bin (ˌsɪl əˈsaɪ bɪn, ˌsaɪ lə-)   a hallucinogenic crystalline solid, C12H17N2O4P, obtained from the mushroom Psilocybe mexicana.   [1955–60; < New Latin Psilocyb(e) genus of mushrooms (< Greek psīló(s) bare + kýbē head) + -in1]

So the reason they used a Satanic Symbol to represents the experience of rebirth in the Spirit is because they understood that to participate in the psychedelic experience, as Jesus instructed us, You had to be ready to Sit at the Table.  Unfortunately the traditions of preparing to sit at the Table were largely lost when the Gnostic Tradition was written out of the Christian experience.  The only safe Way to use psychedelic drugs as a religious experience is in the hands of an experienced teacher who understood the nature of the psychedelic experience and therefore the reason they used the red mushroom as a symbol was to protect this important knowledge that could only be communicated by someone who understood the psychological power of the holy spirit and the holy ghost.

The symbol on the Vase therefore represents how man connects to Heaven through Rebirth.

Jeb Bush: Can he walk on Water?

The Anatomy of a Fraud:       Al Martin and John Phillips

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 Al Martin;s book details a system of state sponsored fraud  there is no copyright violation intended. As our nation will face a critical decision in 2016 this document will remain until such a time as those who are guilty of Iran Contra crime drop our of the Presidential Race.   Please buy Al Martin’s book and I hope my editing of this small section of his book will set the record straight.  The writing is on the wall.

 When one examines the frauds from A to Z, but most importantly follows the trail of money - the money will tell how large the conspiracy is and its State-sponsored nature that allowed the fraud to exist.  That's why Martin consistently called it Iran-Contra Real Estate and Banking Fraud.  These were, in effect, de facto State-sponsored schemes. It could not have worked any other way unless there was sponsorship or at the very least, State-acquiescence.  At the top of this system of fraud were government officials like George Herbert Bush, Oliver North.

As bodies fell and jail cells filled, the “Big Lie” during Iran-Contra was growing into the biggest scandal in United States history.  The media continued to write about the problem as if it was rock falling in a pond, ignoring the waves which the public would eventually pay for. It is much easier for people to believe one $30 million deal was bogus, or another $400 million deal was bogus, than to comprehend that there was a chain of command that linked all these frauds.

In his book, The Conspirators- Secrets of an Iran Contra Insider , Al Martin documents in great detail how the Iran Contra Criminal Enterprise evolved into a multi-billion dollar fraud.  Al Martin owed and ran Southeast Resources, Inc. which managed over 300 different investment products all based on different kinds of frauds including marketing illegal products, illegal limited partnerships, illegal loan syndication, illegal tax shelters and various other investment vehicles to defraud both banks and investors.  Al Martin handled in house investment products for George Herbert Bush, Jeb Bush for whom he sometimes acted as an assistant, Richard Hamil, Larry Nichols, and Barry Seal, all prominent figures in the Iran Contra Scandal.   Al Martin personally raising about $3 million per year from his fraudulent activities to help fund the illegal activities under taken by government officials sworn to uphold the Constitution.

The Iran Contra fraud began in 1983 and included 19 different type of state sponsored fraud: weapons trafficking, narcotics, illegal bank loans, illegal Security transactions, and insurance fraud.  The frauds were usually carried out in what Martin called “Iran Contra-friendly states.  These states had long standing Republican governors and government bureaucracies that could easily be controlled at the State and the County level such as Florida, Texas, Nevada, Arizona, Connecticut, and Illinois.

 What evolved was a system that used government paid employees who were using the tax exempt status of political organizations and foundations, to siphon off money for covert political activities:  State-sponsored and State-sanctioned fraud.  Underneath, there were people like Martin, essentially subcontractors who developed a series of corporate artifices, usually oil and gas, gold bullion or gold mining deals, aircraft brokerage deals, real estate deals, and then used them to defraud banks.  These schemes were all old right-wing favorites for the surreptitious and illegal generation of money in Martin’s view.

In a memorandum from Donald Gregg, Vice Presidential Security Adviser, and Oliver North in July 1984, the financial goals for this group would be $1 Billion per month.  Martin and others used existing Republican National Committee operations such as GOPAC to raise illegal money.   Pete DuPont was the chairman of GOPAC, and Martin still has a list of GOPAC contributors who contributed to a North-Secord (Richard Secord) controlled entity, in exchange for political favors to help their corporate entities.  By 1985 business was booming as the level of fraud expanded beyond even the planner’s wildest dream.

Bank Fraud

Financial Fraud is impossible to commit without a place to lauder your money.  Bankers have traditionally played a vital behind the scenes role in organized crime and financial fraud.  Iran Contra fraud was no different.  It is impossible to defraud a bank without someone on the inside circle of the bank who assists with the necessary paper work and transfer of funds.  The bankers on the inside knew fraud was occurring and let it proceed.  While different parts of the octopus committed different types of financial crimes, the same banks were generally used to lauder funds from a variety of frauds.  Overseas registration of bank and holding companies in places like Panama and Costa Rica were common place.  Many of these institution shared similar members on their board of directors, principals, and officers.  Many times banks would end up with notes and stock as collateral that in the end was worthless.  The frauds were segregated, and banking was integrated.

“We knew the banks were going to fail because it was "we" who were using them to fail.   We would then use the bank's money which we illegally borrowed from them to short their own stock and then in turn not pay back the loan, or pay back the loan at thirty or forty cents on the dollar when it got in the  hands of the Federal Saving and Loan Insurance Corporation  (FSLIC).  The FSLIC after receiving $15 billion in 1986, $10.75 billion in 1987 was insolvent by 1989 and became part of the FDIC.  It was a fraud, compounded on a fraud, compounded on a fraud.

MCorp became the second largest bank failure in United States history.  Al Martin recorded a conversation that he had with Jeb Bush about how to make large cash profits using fraud.  “Hey All you gotta short the stock of MCorp. It's going down the tubes. We are taking it down the tubes."  At the time MCorp common stock was trading at about three dollars a share.  You couldn't short any of it. It was all out, nothing to short. But the preferred stock, was trading at about eight dollars and you could still short it.  Jeb then borrowed a million dollars from MCorp just as it's going down the tubes. He used that million dollars to short MCorp preferred stock because when the company fails, he doesn't have to pay back.  The profits of this type of transactions were enormous and common place during Iran Contra.  This same technique was used with Allied Bancshares, Texas American, Great American Bank and Trust, and Silverado.  It was done with preferred stock.

 In Miami, Richard Secord borrowed money from Barbara Studley to create a financial relationship with Bayshore National Bank that was controlled by Tony DeConcerti.  By the time the scheme evolved Richard Secord and Harry Aderhot had stolen more than $13 million from the Bayshore.  The bank finances in shambles, it was now ripe for a take over.  It was purchased by Eagle National Bank that was controlled by Jose Antonio “Pepe” Cabrera-Sarmiento who also owned Banc de Columbia.  Laundered money began to flow quickly through Eagle National Bank to the Banc de Columbia (BC).  The Eagle then lent out millions of dollars to Secord, Harry Aderholt, and Walter Greenburg who also owned a share of Banc de Columbia.  Walter Greenberg used money from BC to purchase a series of office building in Miami including the one where Martin had his office called the Bayshore Office Building at 4770 Biscayne Boulevard.   

 In Arkansas. Twin Cities Bank of North Little Rock became a key player in the banking segment of the Iran Contra fraud.  The banks legal consul was  Rose & Hubbel, Hillary Clinton, the wife of new governor Bill Clinton, was a partner.  Jonathan Flake, a key inside contact of Barry Seal and Richard Hamil, organized a series of limited partnership and syndications deals through bridge loans provided by Twin Cities Bank.   Flake was involved with all different kinds of fraud related to Iran Contra.  He personally was responsible for involving Congressman Alexander, Congressman Solaz, Congressman Dellums and others who eventually got hurt.  It was a typical strategy of this secret team to try and compromise any politician who began to investigate them.    Twin Cities Bank of North Little Rock acted as both submarket maker through its securities division as well as a financier in terms of holding the paper on non-recourse loans.  Flake’s most notorious real estate fraud was known as the Boulder Property Limited Series of Partnerships. 

Both Twin Cites Bank in Arkansas and Silverado in Denver were connected to Phil Winn of the Winn Group and his partners Leonard Millman and Steve Mizel.  Millman also owned MDC Holdings, a publicly listed company and its brokerage subsidiary, the National Brokerage Group.

Insurance Fraud

Walter Bush, the son of Vice President Bush’s Brother, owned a securities firm in Phoenix, Arizona called J. Walter Bush.  The office was located in the Lincoln Savings and Loan Plaza, the bank Charles Keating made famous.  The Keating 5 case as it became known cost taxpayers $3 Billion dollars and left 23,000 bond investors holding worthless paper.[i]  Charles Keating specialized in providing financing for illegal security deals that existed only in file drawers.   Across the hall from the securities firm was the office of the World Anti-Communist League and General Singlaub.  The General had spent many years in Southeast Asia, and was a key organizer of heroin traffic moving out the “The Golden Triangle” during the Vietnam War.  The profits from the drug trade were used by the WACL to unleash a war of terror against organized labor leaders in Latin and South America.   The WACL included right wing military leaders from Taiwan and Korea, and also formers members of Hitler’s SS who were smuggled out of Nazi Germany and into Latin and South America who unleashed a wave of assassinations against popular 3rd World Political and Labor organizers.  These former members of the “SS”  formed the backbone of the South American and Central American drug distribution network set up by intelligence agencies. 

The insurance fraud cutouts were run by Jack Singlaub.  The scam was simple.   Donations of luxury aircraft and yachts were sought from big time Republican Donors especially in Florida.  The owners got huge tax breaks for over inflated values, and AIG insured for sometimes more than 10 times what they were worth.  The items would then be stolen, given to friends after their identification number were changed, and everyone made a handsome profit.  This fraud netted between $15 and $20 million.  Claims were paid out by American International Group who looked the other way.  Peter Coors and Phil Graham’s wife both gave suitcases with $2 million in cash for these projects.

Martin explained how insurance companies were paying out enormous claims for stolen property that they knew had simply been moved to a different location, and later resold with a forged title.  There was also a tax shelter marketed under this fraud by Martin for Mitch Marr of WACL.  Mitch used to come to Miami and Fort Lauderdale to drum up business.  He would seek out willing, sympathetic Republicans, who were willing to donate expensive, private aircraft and expensive yachts and get ten times what these things were worth as tax deductions.  The planes wound up at hangars from Boca Raton to Joplin, Missouri.  In some cases, insurance policies had to be switched to American International Group (AIG) the largest in the country,  American Reassurance, more commonly known as American Re and their subsidiary General Re.  All were all controlled by very sympathetic Republicans.

Oil and Gas Fraud

Lawerence Richard Hamil, a defense department insider, became one of Richard Secords top lieutenants as he set up a series of 37 corporations all that contained the word “Gulf” in them.  In virtually all Iran Contra frauds involving oil and gas leases, you see the word Gulf in the title.  The Corporate Entities included:  Gulf Coast Investment, Gulf Oil and Drilling Supply (GODSC), a partnership with Jeb Bush, Gulf Realty, partnership with Neil Bush, Gulf Offshore Trust Corporation, a partnership with George Bush, Jr., Gulf Asian Corporation, a partnership with Prescott Bush, the Vice President’s brother, and his son, Wally.

While most of us associate the word “Gulf “ with the Gulf of Mexico, but in reality it represented the Arabian Gulf of Bahrain were Gulf Oil and Drilling Equipment Company was headquartered.   Richard Secord arranged through then Vice President George Bush’s. old friend, Ghaith Pharaon, the retired head of Saudi intelligence, for Gulf Oil and Drilling to purchase from the Saudi government oil and gas leases in the Gulf.  The leases were worthless, but were made to look like a golden investment opportunity.  On the basis of false valuation of the leases, GODSC borrowed millions of dollars through Intercontinental Bank or Great American Bank and Trust of West Palm Beach.  Both banks failed according to Martin due to the weight of unpaid Iran-Contra loans. 

Gulf Oil Drilling Supply Company is very difficult to segregate out as a single individual fraud because in reality it was a series of frauds.  As the balance sheets of a company started to look profitable from laundered drug money, it was then repackaged and used for security frauds.  GODSC had support from the international banking community including Credit Lyonnais and Banquet Paribas that lost over $60 million dollars to Gulf Oil Drilling Supply. GODSC had banking relationships with the Bank of Greece, Union Bank of Switzerland, and Jarlska Bank of Copenhagen.   There Board of Advisers included Ghaith Pharaon, Andre Papandreou, Marcel Dassault, Jr.

By the time it was over the GODSC fraud amounted to more the $300 million.  Martin believes that one of the main reasons that the reason the Kerry Committee, the Hughes Committee, the Alexander Committee, and other Iran-Contra investigating committees in the Hill as well as some people in the media shied away from GODSC was that it was connected to some many different frauds it would expose the magnitude and depth of the scandal.  None of the ruling elite who owned the newspapers and made money off the scandals, wanted to let the public see the waves on the pond.  

One of the most common vehicles for security fraud was the use of restricted share stock.  Often called 144 stock, referring to the two year restriction rule in section 144 of the (SEC). A Start up company would often issue ten million shares of common stock but might have 100 millions shares of 144 stock.  The 144 stock was sold to investors at 20 cents on the dollar.  The stock was then used to obtain offshore bank loans principally through the Union Bank of Switzerland, but also through a whole host of offshore banks through the Caribbean.

The large French bank involved was Banque Paribas that had established a close relationship with George Walker Bush.  There were two distinctly different type of Iran Contra banking relationships.  There were cooperative bank that provided bridge financing but ultimately would be protected financially and kept whole.  The Union Bank of Switzerland, Royal Trust of Canada, and Imperial of Canada, Banque Z of Curacao, Banco de Populare, were facilitator banks that would provide the start up capital to get the fraud rolling. 

The bank would be made whole again by bleeding the 144 stock back into the marketplace at 40 to 50 cents on the dollar as the two year restriction was about to expire.  Dealers and market makers who pushed the stock were guaranteed that in the end they would be made whole.  The ultimate bag holder in these deals are the people that bought the hype, the people that bought the endless press releases, most of which were all bogus.

I  typically Martin would make the representation that Company A had a tremendous new product or Company B had a contract with the International Monetary Finance Corporation.  What the prospective hype didn't know is that the International Monetary Corporation was a shell corporation formed by the very same people who had rated the original fraud.  It is the only way you could keep control of the hype.  So you would have one bogus company signing a contract to purchase ten zillion widgets from another bogus company.   Not only did the widgets not exist, but both the companies were essentially worthless.

In 1984 Barry Seal, Lawrence Richard, Hamil and Larry Nichols founded Trinity Oil and Gas Corporation (TOGC).  Barry Seal’s history as a narcotics smuggler is well known, but his involvement in corporate fraud has been ignored by the press.  The sole purpose of TOGC was to lauder the profits that Barry Seal was making shipping cocaine from South and Central America to Louisiana and Arkansas.

The Trinity Oil and Gas fraud demonstrates clearly how many different types of fraud were bundled together under the same corporate entity.  As the drug money began to flow, a false balance sheet was created to borrow money against at participating banks.  The final step in the process was the creation of what Martin called the “Trojan Horse.”  A company that on paper was pushed to the public through various investment vehicles that looked as if it was a sure return on one’s investments as the stock was pumped to the public.  When the plug was finally pulled the common investor from the street was left with nothing, and Federal Tax payers eventually paid for the bank fraud as the money was Federal Granulated in many cases.

 TOGC was created by the law firm, of Rose & Hubbel in Little Rock, Arkansas.  The Board of Directors included Dan Laster and Raymond "Buddy" Young, Jr. The Arkansas group included Freddy Lee Hampton, Calvin Edwards, George Rebb all of whom are now well know as Iran Contra conspirators.  Large political contributions to TOGC crossed party lines in Arkansas and included both Republicans and Democrats.  For a short time TOGC was traded publicly on the pink sheets by Meyer Blinder, Blinder Robinson Securities in Denver, Atlantic Securities, Balfour McClain Securities, Singer Island.   All of these companies were owned by the National Brokerage Group of Denver.

When the price of oil had dropped in the early 1980’s, Sterling Oil and Lyric Energy of Oklahoma went bankrupt.  TOGC purchased the oil wells from these companies that only produced 1 or 2 barrels of oil per day.  The wells were then injected with acid which would cause the oil to mix with ground water.  Non-profitable wells were now suddenly pumping 300 to 400 of barrel per day.  Certain divisions of Marathon Oil, owned by Armand Hammer, were used to create false pump records.  The laundered drug money was then placed into the oil revenue accounts to cover the missing oil.   In all the Oil and Gas frauds, there are a common set of connections.  They all used Marathon as there primary supplier, and they used GODSC for their drilling supplies.  Invoices for the company were faked by Brodex Manufacturing, Global Associates and Ward Manufacturing that were receiving between $20,000 to $40,000 per month for their assistance.  This is how all the money was bleed out of TOGC.

Jeb Bush at GODSC arranged for TOGC to buy old oil leases in Brazil and Argentina that were basically worthless.   Jeb had purchased those leases from his father’s Zapata Oil for $1 each.  GODSC then used the leases as collateral to borrow money from Iran Contra friendly banks in the Miami area, principally Capitol Bank.  GODSC eventually defaulted on all their loans, and banks and investors were again left holding an empty bag.

Harken Energy

Former President George Walker Bush, Jr. got his start in the oil business when he founded Arbusto Energy that later became Bush Exploration.  After graduating from Harvard Business School, and failing in his initial run for the House of Representative in 1978, Bush Exploration faced with ever increasing losses was purchased by Spectrum Oil.  Spectrum Oil was owed by William DeWitt, Jr. and Mercer Reynolds.  The oil market again in trouble in the mid- 1980’s, Spectrum 7 began to sink in a pile of debt and it was purchased by Harden Energy.  George, Jr. received $600,000 for his shares of Spectrum.

The Harken story was covered in great detail by Steve Pizo from Mother Jones Magazine in an October 1992 article called “Harken Energy And Insider Trading”.  Harken Energy had been purchased in 1982 by a group of investors led by New York attorney Alan G. Quasha, a partner in the firm of Quasha, Wessely & Schneider.  Willaim Quasha, Alan’s father, founded William Quaha and Associates, one of the first international law firms in the Philippines in 1946.  He was a close friend and adviser to Ferdinand Marcos and an adviser to the Nygan Hand Bank in Australia that laundered drug profits out of Southeast Asia. 

Harken went public in 1987 in a $25 million dollar deal that was under written by Stephens, Inc., a brokerage firm, from Little Rock Arkansas.  The legal work for Stephens was handled by Rose & Hubbel as were many of the Arkansas Iran Contra Frauds.  The deal was run through a subsidiary of the Union Bank in London that was later engulfed in a scandal that led to the down fall of the Labor government in Australia, and the Nygan Hand CIA controlled bank.

Harken, according to Martin, became a classic fraud.  George Bush, Sr. arranged a bribe through former head of intelligence Ghaith Pharaon, and Harden would beat out Armoco in obtaining the right to drill for oil in Bahamian.  Harden’s Stock skyrocketed as investors bought the hype.  Money poured into the company from banks and investors who wanted to cash in a sure money winner.  In reality, Harken lacked the require capital to take on a major oil drilling operation half way around the world. 

Before a single drop of oil had been pumped, the Bush National Security team began to contemplate the invasion of Iraq that would surely destroy the chance for any new oil ventures in the Gulf.  Nine months before Harken’s stock crashed causing some $38 million in losses, George, Jr. sold his stock.  According to Martin a lot of different large Republican donors made huge sums of money just as George, Jr. had. 

"Harken is not hard to understand -- it's easy," says Charles Strain, an energy-company analyst in Houston. "The company has only one real asset -- its Bahrain contract. If that field turns out to be dry, Harken's stock is worth, at the most, 25 cents a share. If they hit it big over there, the stock could be worth $30 to $40 dollars a share. It's a pure crapshoot." [ii]   There were also active oil and gas frauds taking place in the states of Kentucky, Illinois and Nevada. 

Nevada- Mining Fraud

The fraud that took place in Nevada was a perfect example of how through the control of State governments, Iran Contra profiteers generated millions of dollars in profits.  According to Marin, George Bush, Sir, controlled Secretary of State, Frankie Sue DelPapa, would substitute Corporate records or make Corporate records disappear is necessary.

Helena Mining was a division of Cosmos Development that mined gold, silver and platinum in open pit mines.  Republicans controlled the Bureau of Natural Resources in Nevada who was responsible for recording the quantity of minerals mined in Nevada.  They would forge records much like what was done with Oil and Gas fraud, and the cash for the missing minerals was simply supplied by laundered drug money. 

 In the case of Cosmos Development Delpapa substituted Corporate records allowed George, Sr. to swindle the Durhan Family out of millions of dollars worth of Gold.  When the Gold Certificate Scandal was investigated by E.E. Eckert of The Contact, he found that the Comos Development fraud was part of a multi-billion dollar fraud involving Banque Paribas, Credit Lyonnais, Union Bank of Switzerland, National Bank of Greek Daiwa Bank and Sumitomo Bank.

What started out as a simple $75 million fraud, turned into a multi-Billion dollar fraud.  A $50,000 investment is simply rehypothecated through additional loans and borrowing at greater and greater amounts of money.  Some of the new loan money is used to pay off part of the old loans to gain access to even larger loans.  Credit Lyonnais was one of the very few banks to ever admit that it lost money, $68 million on this fraud.

Eckert knew and the Financial Times of  London knew that George Bush, Sr. signature was on loan papers at Credit  Lyonnais. FT reported that Credit Lyonnais had a fire in their reserve document storage facility in Paris and there were three or four file cabinets contents that got burned up, including all of the Bush documents.

Real Estate

Real Estate fraud often leaves a paper trail, and when busted out HUD properties were bought and repackaged (fraudulently purchased, fraudulently repackaged, aid fraudulently resold, it left a much larger and more easily discernible paper trail to trace these frauds.   Although Jeb Bush and his younger brother Neil, are the two Bush boys most commonly mentioned in the same breath, with Iran-Contra real estate fraud, George Bush, Jr., George Bush Sr., as well as George Bush, Sr.'s brother, Prescott, and his son, Walter, were very much connected to the very same real estate frauds.

Neil was almost exclusively real estate as he gained control of Gulf Realty a CIA proprietary from the 1950’s until late 1970’s.  Neil with his two partners, Bill Walters and Ken Good, began to use it for a complex web of land fraud that stretched across Florida, Texas, California, and Connecticut.  It was a really intriguing web of land fraud.  The Boca Chica Development, the Destin Country Club Development — these were all deals that were designed to be frauds.   They went down the tubes. Ultimately they were bailed out with public money to the tune of $780 million apiece.   There were about 100 such projects in all which were ultimately bailed out by some public guarantee institution.  It wasn’t necessarily the FDIC or the FSLIC, but in some cases, very esoteric public guaranteed funds were used to bail these deals out. 

Florida- Destin Country Club Project 

A prime example of the Real Estate fraud during Iran Contra is the Destin Country Club Development in Florida.  It was originally designed as a upper middle class residential oasis with a championship golf course, swimming pool, tennis courts and clubhouse.  The estimated development cost was $78 million to build, and homes would sell from $199,000 to $499,000.  It was your typical Florida gated community. 

Many of the investors for the project were members of GOPAC who purchased equity in the project.  These same GOPAC members got to buy  in the development at $.50 on the dollar when it went belly up.  The originator of the deal was Gulf stream Partners that was controlled by Neil Bush, and his Bill Walters and Ken Good.    Ken Good and Jeb Bush managed the Bush Cordina Real Estate , where George, Jr. received pay for being on the Board of Trustees.  Your classic political no show job.

 he initial start up capital, $50 million, for the project came from the Silverado Savings and Loan where Neil Bush would later receive a slap on the wrist for Banking fraud.  Like all frauds the front end of the operation needed to look impressive.  A sales office and a couple of models where built, and a multi page brochures were designed to give the illusion of the wonderful transformation that was about to take place.  Al Martin was one of the people marketing the deal.  Like many of the Iran Contra Land Fraud, the land was never even purchased only the rights to the land were obtained.

The deal began with a $9 million payment for the right to purchase to the land.  According to Martin, another $4.1 million was spent for  legal costs creating the limited partnership, beautiful brochures of the new oasis that was about to be created, and other red herrings.  It cost about $13 million to set it up, but the profit from the deal was $350 million.  The Destin Deal as Martin describes it was a feel good deal that allowed Congressmen, Senators and Governors that were sympathetic to “The Cause” to make large sums of cash on property they bought with non-recourse notes issued by Iran-Contra friendly banks.  American Bank and Trust of Pensacola, Florida, a little tiny one-horse bank owned by BCCI issued $153 million of non-recourse notes.  According to Martin Congressman Porter Goss, Paula Hawkins, Senator Graham, and Senator Mack of Florida, all were given these non-recourse notes. 

Despite the fact that Senator Graham was a Democrat, he was a major participant in Iran Contra fraud.  Graham turned a blind eye to Iran Contra fraud and in return he was paid off through the sale of his own land through Swissco Management Group.  A profit later estimated to be $57 million by the Miami Herald.  Ray Locker, Tampa Tribune broke this story and was suddenly promoted to editor to prevent him from writing about any more Republican involvement on a personal recommendation of Porter Goss, no less.  I want to mention Porter to some degree as an example of how senior members of Congress made a fortune in terms of illicit Iran-Contra profiteering at the time.   This project added another $78 million dollars to taxpayer bail outs.

I essentially along the same lines, a lot of Republicans members made money by leveraging themselves into deals and then settling there outstanding debts for nothing or near nothing as they would borrow money on the deals and then default.  Porter, for example, made $12-13 million on these deals according to my calculations.

Silverado had provided the initial $50 million bridge loan to get the deal underway. Neil Bush and his partners then went to Marvin Warner at Great American Bank and Trust, an Iran-Contra sympathetic bank with its main office in West Palm, Florida.  American lent another $17 million that was used to keep the original loan afloat as the project gained momentum. The partners including Jeb, Neil, George, Jr. and a host of others used their so called general partnership equity in the Destin Deal, and they used it to collateralize additional loans.   For instance, that's how Jeb was able to get a $4 million loan at Broward Federal Savings and Loan that was later defaulted on.

Broward Federal Savings and Loan was owned by two brothers who themselves were subsequently indicted for bank and securities fraud and because they talked about the bank's relationship with Jeb Bush and others.  It very nearly became a problem for Jeb. Of course, one of these brothers somehow died under unusual circumstances before going to trial, and the other brother simply pled guilty and nothing further was ever said. The bank simply went into receivership. The general partners had taken their general and partnership interest in the deal and rehypothecated that to bank loans.  At the end of a typical operation $3 to $4 million dollars per principal could be pocketed. 

Destin Country Club Development got hypothecated through a total of 53 banks worldwide that helped pump up this giant ponzi scheme, rehypothecation of fraudulent interest and refinancing of fraudulent interests.  There was initially a core group of banks that needed to be protected to get you rolling.  But at the next level of the ponzi scheme Martin knew he had sympathetic banks that knew the loans that they issued would never be repaid.  Al Martin had a list of 140 banks that had gone into receivership because they had participated in this criminal enterprise.  Many of them like Orange State Bank of Miami, Ocean Bank had between $200 and $300 million in outstanding bad loans on their books when they went into receivership.

            How did these congressmen, governors and senators get money out of the Destin Country Club Development deal? It was very simple. They were non-recourse notes that they had supposedly borrowed to begin with.  A deed equity interest would show that a person had $7 million for his equity interest in the deal, when in fact no equity existed at all.  The bank would issue a loan against this asset.  Ultimately when the project failed and went into default, the borrower paid back maybe $3 million of the loan money leaving a tidy profit of $4 million. 

 In the Destiny Country Club project, the borrower never paid any interest on the loan as the limited partnership paid the interest on the loan for the first 18 months before it collapsed.  When the Destin Country Club project collapsed it brought down the American Bank and Trust of Pensacola with it.  The Comptroller for the State of Florida, Gerald Lewis, who was responsible for investigating the banks failure, claimed that he was unaware that the bank was really owned by BCCI.  Marvin Warner, a major shareholder in the bank, was the second cousin of Lewis.  Lewis was eventually implicated in kickback schemes related to these same bank failures in Florida, and lost re-election.  As many of these stories end, he retired comfortably to large estate in St. Luica.             Graham swapped out some Gulf Stream Property which was turned into Swissco Management.  Swissco was controlled by Carlos Cardoen, Destin Country Club deal.

 HUD 

A good example during Iran-Contra was the connection between Olympia & York Development Group in Canada and the U.S. subsidiary, The Cadillac Development Group, headquartered in Miami. It worked closely with Jeb Bush.  Cadillac’s specialty was busted out HUD section 8 property deals.  These properties qualified for virtually tax free financing often with government guarantees of the loans.  These properties would often be refinanced endlessly.  Bush Cordina and Cadillac Development made investments in the worst sections of black, and Latino neighborhoods that where filled with Section 8 properties.  Section 8 housing was never scrutinized by government official who always turned a blind eye to what was going on.

Section 8 was a pre-Iran Contra scandal originally set up during Johnson “Great Society” pushed to help the poor.  It was set up to let Real Estate Developers make millions of dollars so much for the poor.  Martin repacked a lot of HUD deals over his 20 years working in the business.  A property would go bankrupt and then HUD would write it off.  They would never perused the defaulters who frequently repurchased the property through another shell company, and then they would start the fraud all over again.  Martin was involved in a 830 unit building in Miami spread all along the Overtown, Hialeah border.  Between 1984 and 1986 that property was busted out and picked up 7 times, and no one ever improved the property.  The Bush Company involved was called Black Bird Investment Group.  It sucked over $83 million out of HUD during that time. 

After the falling apart of Iran-Contra in late 1986, then there were some prosecutions. But those prosecutions were only those where it became politically expeditious.  Certain parties on the upper rungs of the ladder used prosecution to hide there own involvement and discredit witnesses, plausible deniability.

The International Medical Group controller, Michael Recary fled the country in 1990 and 1991 leaving taxpayers with another $350 million to pay off.  He escaped within 3 hours of a warrant being issued for his arrest.  George Fernandez gave him a car owned by Bush Realty Corporation to drive to Miami International Airport where he boarded a plane for Venezuela and lived openly for several years until pressure from articles written in the Miami Herald  and the Wall Street Journal forced his return to the United States.  George Fernandez was later murdered.  Recarey then joined a list of about two dozen people who were officially sought by the United States government on various bills of indictment, but unofficially not wanted for political motives.

Narcotics

While DEA publications and efforts focused on the threat of drugs over the Mexican border, a new supply network was set up.

"Under North's direction, Shackley and Clines recruited their old Operation Mongoose pals to run contra's re-supply operation at El Salvador's Eloping, formed shadow companies to build clandestine jungle airstrips-established the Contras as a link in the Medellin Cartel's Andesto-Maimi cocaine trail."[iii]

 Martin describes 6 principal cocaine traffickers in the first part of his book; Bahamas, Arkansas, Detroit-Canada, Florida, Mexico-Israeli-Mossad.   The real unanswered questions are:  How did this cocaine get distributed? How did it get sold? Who bought it?   Cocaine was distributed through a series of network that spanned the entire continental United States.  This distribution network included the Hell's Angels, various militia organizations and fringe groups acting as subcontractors.  Black Caucus  Maxine Waters actually talked about this publicly, the connections that North had with the militias and the Hell's Angels.  No money was ever provided to pursue these serious allegations.

 Michael Palmer and Carben Industries

Carben Industries was a corporation based in San Josa, Costa Rica that was owned by Michael Palmer.    The Board of Directors and Offices included Oliver North, Richard Secord, CIA Costa Rican Station Chief, Joe Fernandez.  Palmer was eventually indicted in Miami, and faced a possible sentence of 40 years behind bars, and a lot of resources were committed to protect Palmer.    He pled guilty and served 117 days in the Federal Metropolitan Correction Facility in Miami, and then was quietly relocated to Honduras.

Carben Industries had airplane hangars in Detroit, Michigan, Mena, Arkansas, and Miami, Florida.  All of these location became primary drop locations for the movement of cocaine into the United States.  Opa Locka Naval Air Station in Miami was the headquarters of Michael Palmers Miami operation.  Only about 60% of the air base was used by the Navy and the rest was rented out.  Carben Industries leased 4 hangars.  Carben Industries and Southern Air Transport shared many of the same corporate accounts including a limousine service, hotel suites, corporate charge, and travel agency.  Southern Air Transport paid the bills for corporate expenses related to Carben Industries employees, according to Martin. 

Detroit

Michael K. Palmer spent most of his working hours operating out of Detroit.  Under the direction of Barry Seal, the Defense Intelligence Agency, and Southern Air Transport, Palmer controlled the flow of narcotics in and out of Detroit, Michigan.  When not working Palmer socialized with Al Martin and his drinking buddies in Miami, Richard Secord, Jim Langston, President of Southern Air Transport (SAT), and Bill Mason, SAT Vice President.  Palmer lived the good life with guest memberships at all of Miami’s most exclusive clubs including the Jockey Club, the Ocean Club and the Turnberry club. 

Detroit located on the Canadian Boarder was the major hub for narcotics moving from Canada into the United States.   Cocaine moved across the Canadian border into Detroit by truck to a small air strip outside of Detroit where Michael Palmer owned several aircraft hangers.  The cocaine was then transported by Polar Air Aviation (PAA), subsidiary of Southern Air Transport (SAT).[iv]  Polar Air got its name from the fact that its transportation routes are mostly in the cold north Canada and Frontier.   PAA also flew cocaine across the Canadian Border.

So Detroit is important link in the Iran contra Story for two reasons.  It exposes the “Canadian Connection” another part of International part of the Iran Contra Story that was never talked about during congressional Hearings, and Southern Air Transport through their various subsidiaries distributed cocaine all over the Untied States.  While Polar Aviation flew most of the Northern Routes.  Brad Ayers reported back to his superiors at the DEA that Polar Aviation was distributing drugs and his report like many during this era fell on deaf ears.

Palmer’s northeastern corridor route moved cocaine from Nova Scotia, and Maine.  The Canadian Intelligence service worked in conjunction with the CIA on this project.  A custom agent in Portland, Maine, Peter Videnieks, intercepted flights that contained cocaine.  His reports on the interdiction were submitted to the Southeastern Regional Custom Chief, George Weiss who promptly put them through the shedder.  People associated with the flights and the reports, mysteriously died.  As usually happens, when there is a break in the chain of command in an illegal operation, Vickenieks was relocated to another office.  The chief of customs at the time Billy Von Rabb wanted to expose the fact that he had been told by the Vice Presidential Task Force on Drugs to allow certain aircraft into our territorial water and air space.  He was later brought up on Bogus charges to keep him silent.  George Weiss was rewarded for his loyalty to the cause by being made head of Customs.

Vortex air was another asset of Michael Palmer that was actually mentioned in government reports detailing the relationship between the Nicaraguan Contras and Cocaine.  And this is where the story almost becomes unbelievable as it turns out that between January and August of 1986, the State Department issued checks to Vortex and 3 other drug running couriers to the tune of $806,401.02.[v]

 Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI) & CZX Productions Ltd.

Many people mistakenly believed that CIA, DIA, or NSA was the real power broker during Iran Contra,  Al Martin thought the prime power for the scandal rested in the Office of Naval Intelligence.  ONI had a God like power to control liability related to weapons and narcotics trafficking during Iran Contra.  Of the roughly 4500 articles written about Iran Contra only 6 mention ONI is any meaningful context. 

The ONI operation has always been located in the Western US.  The principal cut out for ONI is Evergreen Airlines located on a small air strip in Medley, Oregon called “Mena of the West” by many.  A group within NOI called “Goal Oversight Development”(GOD) was led by retired Admiral Elmo Zumwalt, and included other retired Generals like Admiral Henderson, Admiral Pauley, and Admiral Collins.  As Martin describes it “their powers are virtually god-like, their ability to assassinate people, to make people disappear, to make documents and entire files disappear anywhere, anytime, and their ability to corrupt judicial proceedings, were enormous.   Their power is such that the largest media organizations are frightened of it.”

Journalists top the list of people assassinated by NOI and the GOD committee.   Paula McCollum, Keith Wickenham, John Lear, and Lars Hansson lead the list of journalists that were killed because they investigated NOI activities.  Bill Moyle was forced out as well.  Major General Gray Eitel testified to Congressional Committees and filled his own Civil Lawsuit on the behalf of US citizens regarding the details of the eventual bankrupt Evergreen Airlines.  And while Eitel made a lot of noise in the media when he first started, he later fell silent.  Martin states:  “You cannot deal with them in terms of a payoff or in terms of getting somebody back in the woodwork that might know too much and helping them out financially. They never deal that way.  They only threaten and they liquidate. That is their only way of keep their own laundry clean. That's the only way they know how to operate and it's the only way that I've ever known them to operate. I still remain in fear of them, as does anyone who wants to stay alive.”

The ONI narcotics operations in 1985 included 4 locations:  Spokane, Washington, Medford, Oregon, Fire Lake, Nevada, and Phoenix Arizona.   The narcotics were transported primarily through Mexico for the NOI operation that was totally separate from the CIA cut outs.  The money went into covert operations and what Martin called “The Admirals Retirement Club”, as many of these Admirals retired with million dollar homes and their own private jets.  

As Eitel began investigating Evergreen Airlines he was reassured, threatened, intimidated and harassed in every way imaginable.  It was Eitel lawsuit that would eventually force Evergreen into bankruptcy.  By declaring bankruptcy Evergreen gained favor in the local courts and was able to hide documents and made obtaining information much more difficult.  This was a common strategy when operations became compromised during the Iran Contra Days.  Bankruptcy laws protected members of the Corporation even though they had been involved in fraud on a grand scale. 

 I went to speak about another ONI cut out, CZX Productions that stood for Casey Zumwalt X-Files.  60 minutes did a piece about this cut out, but it was a simple story about a small airline with connections to the CIA running narcotics.  Of all the Iran contra operations, this was the most sinister and secretive.  Martin offered to talk with 60 Minutes about the details of the operation, but not without financial enumeration as he knew the cost for going public would be too great.

Compromised: Clinton, Bush and the CIA

“The public ….has the right to know about the CIA sponsoring candidates for U.S. Presidency and, thereby, compromising themselves and their values.  We wrote this book because, otherwise, there would be no assurances that the truth would ever be told.”[vi]

In 1994 Terry Reed and John Cummings wrote, Compromised: Clinton, Bush and the CIA, that outlined a strategy where by the Bush family sought to compromise the Democrats by involving them in a scandal he had been part, cocaine trafficking.  During the early 1980’s, Arkansas became a central hub not only for planes landing with shipment of Cocaine from Central America, but also for the laundering of the profits from the trade.  Terry Reed had been recruited by Oliver North to help coordinate the trade of illegal weapons and cocaine with North’s partners in Central America.  Central in this planning effort was the notorious Barry Seal. 

Barry Seal had played a major role in CIA complicity in the drug trade for many years.  He knew more about the inner workings of the DEA, CIA, FBI and other agencies that turned blind eye to US government involvement in drug trafficking than anyone.  In a 1986 the Louisiana Attorney General wrote a letter to Edwin Messe stating that Barry Seale had been personally responsible for the importation of $3 to $5 billion worth of cocaine into the United States.

Martin states that on May 23, 1984 the Justice department began a 2,500 page debriefing to sanitize Barry Seals records.  Seal had been on of the original members of “Operation 40” that organized covert activities against Cuba so this task of sanitation must have been a long one.   On September 11, 1984,  Martin attended a meeting that included Oliver North and Dewey Claridge that sanctioned Barry Seal as a narcotics smuggler for the CIA.  

According to Reed, Seal’s planes were outfitted with sophisticated military style communication systems that received its flight plans from satellites allowing it to evade detection flying in and out of the United States.  On one such flight Seal reveals to Reed how cocaine was being used to neutralize Bush’s potential political opponents. 

 "So you've got direct knowledge of the Republicans trying to neutralize some Democrats before they can nuke Bush with this?"

"Hell yeah. I've been part of it.   Remember in that meeting I told you I had a plan to blow the lid off the whole damn Mena deal and shut it down due to adverse publicity? Well, what I didn't tell you was that project was already in effect, and the Republicans were already trying to neutralize some important people in Arkansas...namely the Clinton family."

"Let's don't call it cocaine. Let's just call it neutralizin' powder. Least that's the way the Bush family saw it. This is just one family warrin' against another.  Just like the Mob. "[vii]

 In 1996 Michael Ruppert, prepared a statement for the US Senate Select Committee on Intelligence investigating allegations of US government involvement in drug trafficking.  Ruppert had dedicated his life to stopping US government involvement in drug trafficking since discovering as a Los Angles police officer that the enforcement community was turning a blind eye to the importation of drugs into the Untied States.  He documented efforts by the CIA in operation Pegasus, and Watchtower to install radar beacons that allowed planes flying out of Columbia to evade radar as they headed for Manuel Noriega’s Panama.   He states:  The missions are Iran-Contra era operations and directly link to admitted Agency operations at Mena, Arkansas where tons of cocaine were smuggled by Agency personnel into this country. That smuggling took place under direct orders from the highest levels of this government.

The investigative material, contrary to denials, is overwhelming, irrefutable and shows a direct link between then Governor Bill Clinton and CIA operations.[viii]  Like many before them, Reed and Seal suffered the consequences of eating from the hand of the beast.  Reed survived, Seal did not.  Reed was framed in an insurance fraud scheme.  During the discovery phase of his trail, he obtained a 1987 document proving what he had known all along that the FBI was warning the DEA and the CIA that the operation in Mena Arkansas was about to be exposed by the media.  The documents also confirmed that Seal was a CIA operative.[ix] 

Barry Seal a year before being sentenced on drug trafficking charges, traveled to Washington DC to testify before the Presidents Commission on Organized Crime.  He stated that he was moving drugs for the cartel with direct support of the US government.  He described how he had used Department of Defense navigation and communication equipment designed for nuclear war to avoid being detected by military radar while making gun and drug shipments.[x]  Shortly after accepting a plea bargain from the US Attorney in Louisiana, Seal died in a hail of gun fire from members of the Medellin cartel on February 18, 1987.  The media characterized the assassination as a successful attempt by the Medellin Cartel to silence a potential witness against them.  Those who understand history know this was the killing of a man who could connect many powerful government officials with a coordinated effort to raise money for illegal political activities at home and abroad.

In 1997 article titled, “CIA Linked to Seal’s Assassination”, Daniel Hopsicker interviews two New Orleans attorneys who provide important details about Barry Seal.  Sam Dalton, representing the Seal’s Columbian assassins, questioned the CIA about its involvement in Seals death during the penalty phase of their trail.  During discovery Dalton gained access to the contents of Seal’s trunk.  It was apparent that the FBI had done a good job removing any incriminating evident before they handed over the contents of the truck, but they missed the “smoking gun”.  Dalton states: "But they had missed a few things that indicated just how valuable that trunk was.  Because that's where that phone number was. That's where we found George Bush's private phone number.  They were regularly talking to each other very seriously over what was probably a secure phone.  Barry Seal was in direct contact with George Bush.” [xi]

Lewis Unglesby who represented Barry Seal in 1986 recalled the first time he became aware of how high Barry Seal’s connections in the Untied States government were.  He states:  “I sat him down one time, and said: I cannot represent you effectively unless I know what is going on. Barry smiled, and gave me a number, and told me to call it, and identify myself as him (Seal.)

I dialed the number, a little dubiously, and a pleasant female voice answered: 'Office of the Vice President.'"

"This is Barry Seal," Unglesby said into the phone.  "Just a moment, sir," the secretary replied. "Then a mans

 voice came on the line, identifying himself as Admiral somebody, and said to me, 'Barry, where have you been?'"

"Excuse me, Sir, "Unglesby replied, "but my name is Lewis Unglesby and I am Barry Seal's attorney.  There was a

 click, Unglesby relates. The phone went dead. Seal just smiled when I looked over at him in shock, and then

 went back to treating me on a need-to-know basis."[xii]

 In an article originally appearing in Penthouse magazine in 1995, and later mysterious dropped by the Washington Post after accepting it for publication, “The Crimes of Mena”, Sally Denton and Roger Morris:  “The tons of drugs that Seal and his associates brought into the country, officials agree, affected tens of thousands of lives at the least, and exacted an incalculable toll on American society. And for the three presidents, the enduring questions of political scandal are once again apt: What did they know about Mena? When did they know it? Why didn't they do anything to stop it? ….. The crimes of Mena were real. That much is now documented beyond doubt. The only remaining issues are how far they extended, and who was responsible.”[xiii]   The Clintons’ involvement in this scandal has done more to harm the Democratic Party over the last 20 years than any other single issue.  The illegal drug trade has provided the money and political muscle to mislead the public on the issue of Homeland Security. 

Israel and the Mexican Connection

The next operation was what Al Martin liked to call the "Jewish Threesome."   It included Eddy Singer, Yoram Ettinger, a member of the Israeli Knesset, and Lt. Col. Ari  Klein, a retired Israeli intelligence officer who had been Mexico City's station chief for the Mossad during the 1980’s. This group was basically another Barry Seal cut out who ran many of the CIA trafficking operations.  The Singer operation was never discussed during Congressional Hearing because it established an undeniable link between the CIA and Mossad.  Yoram Ettinger later became a key player in trafficking weapons, high technology weapons and design to both the Chinese and the Russians.

The Singer Operation moved about more than 1000 kilos of cocaine from Mexico into the Untied States, as cash flow from this operation amounted to over $300 Million per month.  The organization had been assembled using Israeli government connections between Ari Klein and past Mexican President, Jose Lopez-Portillo, who was later indicted for fraud, narcotics and weapons trafficking.  The operation was started in the early 1970’s.

In 1981 Enrique Camarena was assigned to the Guadalajara, Mexico Division of the DEA.  Camarena became famous for his ability to infiltrate drug trafficking operation in Mexico and Latin America.   Al Martin believes that Camarena began to understand the inner working of the Singer operation, when on February 7, 1985 he was kidnapped, tortured for several days.  His mutilated body was discovered March 5.  He had been murdered by the Federal Mexican Police with complicity from the CIA because he was about to expose the long standing cocaine operation run as a partnership between the CIA and Mossad.  Both the Kerry and Hughes Committees wondered who the CIA was trying to protect in the Mexican government and the Mexican Federal Police.  The person was Gen. Raul Medina, Chief of the Mexican Federal who actually ordered the death of Enrique Camarena at the urging of the CIA.  He knew about the connections and the orders, how it was done, and how Carmarena's killers were protected.

Former Mexican dictator Jose Lopez-Portillo who was President in Mexico when the price of oil had skyrocketed and Mexico discovered huge oil reserves of their own, was now being investigated for fraud concerning non-existent oil well leases.  The frauds included participation by Zapata Corporation, Tidewater Corporation and Harken Energy.  Reagan and Bush had to go to extreme lengths to keep the Bushes out of the indictment, but they finally succeeded.  Economic Hitmen?

Legendary DEA agent Celerino Castillo step into the void left after Camarena’s assassination, and began to expose what he knew.  He was immediately discredited by the DEA and dismissed.  Castillo would later become a driving force behind the movement in the US to expose government involvement in the narcotics trade.  Castillo was largely responsible for Gary Webb series in the San Jose Mercury that brought government involvement in the narcotics trade under the spotlight.  He later authored a Federal Court Document asking for George Herbert Bush to be indicted under the Drug Kingpin Laws. 

Danny we hardly knew you

On August 10, 1991 at 12:30 in the early afternoon, a hotel maid at the Sheraton Hotel in Martinsburg, West Virginia knocked on the door on room 517.  When no one answered she used her hotel pass key to gain entry into the room.  As she opened the door, she could see blood spatter all over the bathroom floor and let out a tremendous scream.  In the bath tub was the nude body of Danny Casolaro who wrists had been slashed multiple times.  There was blood splatter not only on the floor, but also on the tub walls.  Although Danny had carried many of his papers related to his research to West Virginia with him for a meeting on what he called "The Octopus", there was not a briefcase, a file or even a single piece of paper recovered from the room.

 By the time that this so called "Suicide" was reported to the press on Monday, August 12, Casolaro's body had been cremated eliminating the possibility of an autopsy.  The last person to see Danny alive was Bill Turner, a former Hugh Aircraft employee, who met with Danny at 3:00 PM on the Friday afternoon before his death.  Turner refused to discuss the details of the meeting he had with Casolaro, but he did describe his mood as "scared shitless", when Danny showed him photo copies of papers linking Oliver North directly to the Bank of Credit and Commerce International.   “I saw papers from Danny that connected back through the Keating Five and Silverado.”  Danny had photocopies of checks made out to Adnan Khashoggi, an international arms dealer with connections to the House of Saud, and Manucher Ghorbanifar, arms dealer and IranContra middleman.

 In the days before his death, Danny had called Ann Klenk, a former associate of D.C columnist Jack Anderson and told her he had solved the “Inslaw Case” that he had been researching.  Inslaw was owned by a former Justice Department employee, Bill Hamilton who had developed a new software package called “Promis”, Prosecutor's Management Information System.  It was designed as a tool capable of monitoring and collecting all the information prosecutors needed to manage large scale investigations into organized crime, drug trafficking and banking fraud.

Danny had spent the last year of his life trying to understand the Inslaw computer software case.  Bill Hamilton claimed that the Reagan administration had stolen the software, and was selling it overseas without paying him the necessary royalties for his work.  Hamilton believed he had been cheated out of millions of dollars. What Danny discovered was that the Inslaw case was connected to the Iran Contra Affair, the October Surprise, The Bank of Credit and Commerce bank fraud scandal, and the Music Corporation of America. 

Casolaro was despondent over how the story ended, telling Klenk she could have the Inslaw case because, It’s just a little piece of the puzzle anyway.  The Inslaw case had led Danny into “"Bermuda Triangle of spooks, guns, drugs and organized crime."[xiv]  According to Klenk, Danny quickly realized that the real story behind the Inslaw Case was the drug aspects as related to the Central Intelligence Agencies involvement in the  narcotics trade around the Globe.  The tangled web between the Wackehunt Corporation and the CIA provided fertile ground for Danny’s Investigation. 

Shortly after Danny’s murder, Carol Marshall, a friend of Danny’s, decided it was important to publish the material that Casolara had accumulated, and she began to pick up where Danny’s path to the truth had tragically ended. “I have in my possession five boxes of documents, obtained from a convicted methamphetamine chemist whose closest friends were a 20-year CIA operative and a former FBI Senior-Agent-in-Charge of the Los Angeles and Washington D.C. bureaus. The labyrinthine involvements of these people and their corporate partners is revealed in this manuscript, along with information obtained by Washington D.C. journalist Danny Casolaro prior to his death in 1991.”  In October 1996, she published, The Last Circle, a comprehensive overview of Danny Casolaro’s research.  Danny had “told friends that he "had traced the Inslaw Case and related stories back to a dirty CIA 'Old Boy' network" that had begun working together in the 1950's around the Albania covert operations. These men had gotten into the illegal gun and drug trade back then and had continued in that business ever since.  Before his death, Danny had made plans to visit the Wackenhut Corporation in Indio, California, and even considered naming his book, "Indio."[xv]

On May 18, 1990 Michael Riconosciuto phoned Bill Hamilton who had written the “Promis” software package, and told him that if he wanted to prevail in Federal Court with his lawsuit against the people responsible for stealing his software, then the key fact was that the trail of the criminals involved led back to the October Surprise.  Riconosciuto had traveled to Iran in 1980 with Dr. Earl W. Brain and “paid $40 million to Iranian officials to persuade them NOT to release the hostages before the presidential election in which Reagan became president of the United States.[xvi]

According to Riconsciuto, Dr. Brain had hired him to modify PROMIS software for sale to different countries around the world.  Danny created a back door into the software that would allow the United States government the ability to spy on any foreign government that used Promis.  At the time Dr. Brain was the head of Infotechnology, Inc. whose holding included United Press International (UPI).  The company got its start through the junk bond market.[xvii]

The attorney for the Inslaw Case was Elliot Richardson who had spent his entire career serving in government.  He had resigned as Attorney General instead of firing the Special Watergate Prosecutor Archibald Cox in what came to be known as the “Saturday Night Massacre”.  Richardson composed an affidavit for the Inslaw case for Riconosciuto to sign. 

It read as follows:

"I Michael J. Riconosciuto, being duly sworn, do hereby state as follows:

"(1) During the early 1980's, I served as the Director of Research for a joint venture between the Wackenhut Corporation of Coral Gables, Florida, and the Cabazon Band of Indians of Indio, California. The joint venture was located on the Cabazon reservation.

"(2) The Wackenhut-Cabazon joint venture sought to develop and/or manufacture certain materials that are used in military and national security operations, including night vision goggles, machine guns, fuel air explosives, and biological and chemical warfare weapons.

"(3) The Cabazon Band of Indians are a sovereign nation. The sovereign immunity that is accorded the Cabazon’s as a consequence of this fact made it feasible to pursue on the reservation the development and/or manufacture of materials whose development or manufacture would be subject to stringent controls off the reservation. As a minority group, the Cabazon Indians also provided the Wackenhut Corporation with an enhanced ability to obtain federal contracts through the 8A Set Aside Program, and in connection with Government owned contractor operated (GOCO) facilities.

"(4) The Wackenhut-Cabazon joint venture was intended to support the needs of a number of foreign governments and forces, including forces and governments in Central America and the Middle East. The Contras in Nicaragua represented one of the most important priorities for the joint venture.

"(5) The Wackenhut-Cabazon joint venture maintained close liaison with certain elements of the United States Government, including representatives of intelligence, military and law enforcement agencies.

"(6) Among the frequent visitors to the Wackenhut-Cabazon joint venture were Peter Videnieks of the U.S. Department of Justice in Washington, D.C., and a close associate of Videnieks by the name of Earl W. Brian. Brian is a private businessman who lives in Maryland and who has maintained close ties with the U.S. intelligence community for many years.

"(7) In connection with my work for Wackenhut, I engaged in some software development and modification work in 1983 and 1984 on the proprietary PROMIS computer software product. The copy of PROMIS on which I worked came from the U.S. Department of Justice. Earl W. Brian made it available to me through Wackenhut after acquiring it from Peter Videnieks, who was then a Department of Justice contracting official with responsibility for the PROMISE software. I performed the modifications to PROMIS in Indio, California; Silver Spring, Maryland; and Miami, Florida.

"(8) The purpose of the PROMIS software modifications that I made in 1983 and 1984 was to support a plan for the implementation of PROMIS in law enforcement and intelligence agencies worldwide. Earl W. Brian was spearheading the plan for this worldwide use of the PROMISE computer software.

"(9) Some of the modifications that I made were specifically designed to facilitate the implementation of PROMIS within two agencies of the Government of Canada; the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and the Canadian Security and Intelligence Service (CSIS). Earl W. Brian would check with me from time to time to make certain that the work would be completed in time to satisfy the schedule for the RCMP and CSIS implementations of PROMIS.

"(10) The proprietary version of PROMIS, as modified by me, was, in fact, implemented in both the RCMP and the CSIS in Canada. It was my understanding that Earl W. Brian had sold this version of PROMIS to the Government of Canada.

"(11) In February 1991, I had a telephone conversation with Peter Videnieks, then still employed by the U.S. Department of Justice. Videnicks attempted during this telephone conversation to persuade me not to cooperate with an independent investigation of the government's piracy of Inslaw's proprietary PROMIS software being conducted by the Committee on the Judiciary of the U.S. House of Representatives.

"(12) Videnieks stated that I would be rewarded for a decision not to cooperate with the House Judiciary Committee investigation. Videnieks forecasted an immediate and favorable resolution of a protracted child custody dispute being prosecuted against my wife by her former husband, if I were to decide not to cooperate with the House Judiciary Committee investigation.

"(13) Videnieks also outlined specific punishments that I could expect to receive from the U.S. Department of Justice if I cooperate with the House Judiciary Committee's investigation.

"(14) One punishment that Videnieks outlined was the future inclusion of me and my father in a criminal prosecution of certain business associates of mine in Orange County, California, in connection with the operation of a savings and loan institution in Orange County. By way of underscoring his power to influence such decisions at the U.S. Department of Justice, Videnieks informed me of the indictment of these business associates prior to the time when that indictment was unsealed and made public.

"(15) Another punishment that Videnieks threatened against me if I cooperate with the House Judiciary Committee is prosecution by the U.S. Department of Justice for perjury. Videnieks warned me that credible witnesses would come forward to contradict any damaging claims that I made in testimony before the House Judiciary Committee, and that I would subsequently be prosecuted for perjury by the U.S. Department of Justice for my testimony before the House Judiciary Committee."

The affidavit, Case No. 8500070, entered into court records, resulted in Riconosciuto's arrest within days.

On March 21, 1991 Micheal Riconosciuto filed an affidavit with the House Judiciary Committee that was investigating the Inslaw case Vs the United States government.  Eight days later he was behind bars for the manufacture of methamphetamine.  This arrest followed a pattern typical during the Iran Contra era.  When a individual within the power structure during the Iran Contra Scandal decided to come forward and speak the truth, they are almost immediately arrested and charged for crimes that they had been performing for government officials.  When these individuals then asked for documents pertaining to their activities during the discovery phase of the trail, Judges almost always ruled against the introduction of such evidence due to the potential revelation of “State Secrets”.  Riconosciuto never denied that he was involved in drug manufacturing, but knew he was simply working on a government approved special project that had been sanctioned by corrupt government officials.  Justice denied, and the truth forgotten.

On August 3, 1991 Danny Casolaro had contacted Lester K. Coleman, a former employee of both Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) and the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) to discuss the “Promis” software as it related to the Octopus.  In October 1991, Coleman provided an affidavit to concerning the arrest of Michael Riconoscuito.

"Affidavit of Lester K. Coleman, being duly sworn, do hereby state as follows:

"(1) I am currently self-employed as a freelance writer, editor, and security consultant. I am a United States citizen and am temporarily outside of the United States.

"(2) In November 1984, the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) offered me a position in human intelligence operations in the Middle East. I was raised in the Middle East, where I lived in Iran, Libya and Saudi Arabia. I speak three dialects of Arabic and some Farsi. I accepted the position and received training from the DIA. I was assigned to a Middle East intelligence unit.

"(3) Between February and September 1987, I was seconded by DIA to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) in Nicosia, Cyprus, reporting to the DEA Country Attache, Michael T. Hurley.

"(4) After a cover assignment in the United States, I was again seconded to the DEA in Nicosia, Cyprus, in early 1988.

"(5) During April and May 1988, I worked in the office of Euramae Trading Company, Ltd. in Nicosia, Cyprus, a DEA proprietary company. On or about May 29, 1988, because of my concern about poor security in the DEA operation in Cyprus, I returned to the United States, having previously obtained the concurrence of DIA.

"(6) During my two stints as a DIA covert intelligence officer seconded to the DEA in Nicosia, Cyprus, I became aware of the fact that DEA was using its proprietary company, Euramae Trading Company, Ltd. to sell computer software called PROMISE or PROMIS to the drug abuse control agencies of various countries in the Middle East, including Cyprus, Pakistan, Syria, Kuwait and Turkey.

"(7) I personally witnessed the unpacking at the Nicosia, Cyprus, Police Force Narcotics Squad of boxes containing reels of computer tapes and computer hardware. The boxes bore the name and red logo of a Canadian corporation with the words `PROMISE' or `PROMIS' and `Ltd' in the company name.

"(8) The DEA objective in inducing the implementation of this computerized PROMIS[E] system in the drug abuse control agencies of the Middle East countries was to augment the drug control resources available to the United States Government by making it possible for the United States Government to access sensitive drug control law enforcement and intelligence files of these Middle East governments.

"(9) It is also my understanding that third party funds were generally made available for the purchase of these computer software and hardware systems. One third-party funding source was the United Nations Fund for Drug Abuse Control in Vienna, Austria.

"(10) As DEA Country Attache for Cyprus, Michael T. Hurley had overall responsibility for both the Euramae Trading Company, Ltd. and its initiative to sell PROMIS[E] computer systems to Middle East countries for drug abuse control.

On August 5, 1991 Danny had called Bob Bickel, a Texas Oil engineer who had previous been an informant for the custom department.  Casolaro stated he was "getting close to the source, and he would soon go to Martinsburg and bring back the head of the Octopus."[xviii]  Michael Riconosuito called both Danny and Hamilton of the 5th but was only able to reach Hamilton.  Riconosuito was planning to trade information about Mike Abbell, Gilbert Rodriguez, and Bob Nichols in exchange for entry into the Witness Protection Program.[xix]  Bickel would later confirm that Casolaro had spoken at length to him about these same three individuals Abbell, Rodriguez, and Bob Nichols, and that Danny had grilled Bob Nichols about what he had learned about the Octopus especially as it related to Abbell.

Casolaro had asked Bickel to help him investigate Mike Abbell, a former official of the Department of Justice.  According to Carol Marshall, Hamilton and Casolaro had decided that Danny would lead an investigation into Abbell, but they would try to hide the real target so that no one would know the true focus on their work. Risconosuito spent the next 5 days trying to call Danny and warm him that investigating Abbell was extraordinarily dangerous. 

In Danny’s search for the Octopus, Michael Risconosciuto’s testimony became his primary focus.  Casolaro would take the information provided to him by Michael, and then question Bob Nichols about the details and the accuracy of the information. Nichols "went ballistic," according to Riconosciuto, when Danny bounced the Gilberto (Rodriguez) matter off him. Riconosciuto said he tried to warn Danny. "I called from that day on it was on a late Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, all the way through the weekend when they found Danny [dead]," he said. "Every day I was calling the Hamilton’s, asking if anybody had heard from Danny. And I was frantic." [xx]

“Dr. John Nichols was the key to Danny’s Octopus”        Michael Riconoscuito

Nichols began to warm Danny that Riconosuito’s testimony was fantasy and that he should abandon his relationship with him.  A friend of Danny’s recounts a lunchtime meeting where he witnessed Dr. Nichols warning Danny to stay away from Michael. 

Robert Booth Nichols had flown to Washington D.C. from Puerto Rico to warn Danny to stay away from Riconosciuto. "You don’t know how bad this guy Riconosciuto is ... he might not get you today, he might not get you next month. He might get you two years from now. If you say anything against him he will kill you."  Nichols repeated the warning several times.

In September 1987, Special Agent Thomas Gates of the Los Angeles division of the Federal Bureau of Investigation had been assigned to investigate Dr. Nichols.  Agent Gates concluded that Nichols was linked to the notorious Japanese organizer crime gang, Yakuza, the Gambino crime family, and Music Corporation of America (MCA) that had fallen under mob control.  Danny showed his friend a wiretap summary complied by Gates.  Danny had decided early on that Riconoscuito was a credible witness.[xxi]  Casalaro had determined that Dr. John Nichols was the king pin responsible for laundering billions of dollars in drug profits for organized crime.

The wiretaps included conversations between high ranking La Cosa Nostra figures from the Gambino crime family, and the Japanese Yakuza.  Eugene Giaquinto who was the President of MCA enjoyed a special relationship with John Gotti.  The purpose of the FBI wiretaps was to determine "source, type and quantity of narcotics/controlled substances, methods and means of delivery, and the source of funding for purchasing of narcotics/controlled substances."  The names included Robert Booth Nichols, Angelo Commito, Edward Sciandra, Michael Del Gaizo and Joseph Garofalo.[xxii]

One of the last people Danny interviewed before his death was Allan Boyak.  When they met, Boyak provided Danny with a transcript of a meeting between Boyak, Riconosciuto, and Ted Gunderson.  Boyak later became one of Michael Riconosuito attorneys after he was arrested.[xxiii]   Boyak was interviewed by Jeffery Steinberg at the Executive Review, the research magazine of Lyndon LaRouche who has spend the better part of 3 decades investigating allegation of government involvement in the narcotics trade.  According to Steinberg’s notes from his interview with Boyak, Boyak was a member of U.S. Army Special Forces in his early years, and did contract work for the CIA in the 1960’s and early 1970’s.  He also worked for the DEA.[xxiv]

Boyak left the Drug Enforcement Agency after a dispute, and entered Law School where he met Jim Nichols who was Dr. Nichols brother.  The family had disowned his brother due to his work with organized crime.  Once out of law school Boyak became a defense attorney for high level West Coast drug traffickers.  Steinberg’s notes continue:  "In addition to his o.c. [organized crime] cliental, Boyak also maintained contacts and apparently did some legal work for some of his old buddies from his Green Beret and CIA days. One such pal was Art Suchesk, who ran a CIA proprietary company called Hoffman Electronics.   " ... At some point in the late 1970's, one of Boyak's clients, a Mormon old boy named Cap Kressop, who was a technical wizard, was approached by Robert Nichols and asked to manufacture a prototype laser site for a rifle. Kressop was offered a $200,000 contract for the job but he became suspicious when Nichols wanted to pay him in cash.  "Boyak contacted Nichols at his Marina Del Rey, California home/office [apartment "007"] and the two had a lengthy meeting there. Boyack's description of that meeting is that it was continuously interrupted by telephone calls and telex messages. Boyak came away convinced that Nichols was involved in large scale illegal drug operations.  "After consulting with one of his close friends from Green Beret days, then an assistant U.S. Attorney named Dexter Leitenen (now the Miami U.S. Attorney), Boyak went to the Los Angeles FBI office with the suspicions about Nichols' activities.  "The FBI background check [conducted by Ted Gunderson] on Robert Booth Nichols (born 1943 or 1944 he couldn't remember for sure) revealed that he was `squeaky clean.' In fact, he had a Class I machine gun license.

"Boyak did discover, however, that one of the people Nichols referenced as a business associate and personal friend, Harold Okimoto, was believed by some of his sources to be a top Japanese organized crime figure based in Hawaii. Okimoto was described as a top agent in the Yakuza overseas.   "Over the next two year period, after the L.A. FBI had dropped any interest in the Nichols matter, Boyack's friend, [Arthur] Suchesk, repeatedly ran into Nichols in such places as Singapore, the Philippines, and Taiwan. Suchesk was based out of Zurich, Switzerland during this period, apparently still doing his front man work for the CIA.

"Boyak says that information developed during this period, through Suchesk and others, [indicated] that Nichols was indeed a big-time drug dealer who was very well insulated from any U.S. law enforcement problems. Nichols operated exclusively overseas. Whenever he came to the United States, he never engaged in any illegal activities.  "However, Boyak described Nichols' rum importing business as a cover for big-time heroin trafficking from the Golden Triangle. Nichols was also named as `Mr. Big', according to Boyak, in the Medellin Cartel, in drug prosecutions in Utah and Los Angeles.  "Three to four years ago, Boyak received an out of the blue telephone call from Michael Riconosciuto. Michael identified himself as a former employee of Robert Nichols. He also referenced Ted Gunderson as a `mutual friend.' Boyak had only met Ted once very briefly when he was pressing the L.A. FBI to look into the Nichols dope suspicions ..."

" ... Then in April 1991, Boyak received a phone call from Ted Gunderson, informing him that `Michael was in trouble. He was caught in a government frame-up.’  "Boyak returned to his background profile of Bob Nichols, parts of which were apparently provided by Bob's estranged brother, Jim Nichols. It seems that as a young man, Robert Nichols wound up in Hawaii functioning as a hit man for the Tongs. He was `adopted' as the Yakuza godson of Harold Okimoto, a 67 year old car dealer in Hawaii.  "Nichols grew up to be a big business front man for the Far East syndicate. He reportedly laundered between $50-200 million for Ferdinand Marcos. He now owns an estate in Hawaii, a feudal castle outside of Milan, Italy and the referenced Marina Del Ray home in California.  "Nichols has an office in Zurich. At one point, he was reportedly involved in the smuggling of China White heroin into Mexico where it was treated to look like the Mexican brown heroin which was more popular at the time.

"It should be emphasized that all of this information about Robert Nichols comes exclusively from Allan Boyak. None of it has yet been independently corroborated to my knowledge. Bill Hamilton and some other people involved in tracking the Inslaw story have all spoken to [Robert] Nichols and report that he has been straightforward with them and has provided leads and documents re: Michael Riconosciuto.

[i] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Keating,   

[ii]  Pizo, Steve, “Harken Energy and Insider Trading”, Mother Jones, October 1992.

[iii]   B. Weinberg, Ibid. p.58

[iv]   http://www.polaraviation.com.au/pages/aboutus.html

[v]  Selections from the Senate Committee Report on Drugs, Law Enforcement and Foreign Policy chaired by Senator John F. Kerry Nicaraguan Contras and Cocaine

 [vi]  Terry Reed and John Cummings , Compromised: Clinton, Bush and the CIA, S.P.I. Books, New York, New York, 1994. p9-10

[vii]  Ibid. p. 213

[viii]   Michael Ruppert, prepared for Senate Select Committee on Intelligence,  November 15, 1996.

[ix]  Reed, p 198.

[x]  Ibid., p.  221.

[xi]   Daniel Hopsicker, CIA Linked to Seal’s Assassination, George Bush’s Personal Phone Number Found in Seals’ Trunk,  The Washington Weekly, Aug. 18, 1997

[xii]  Ibid. p. 2

[xiii]  Sally Denton and Roger Morris, “The Crimes of Mena”, Penthouse Magazine, February 1995.

[xiv]   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danny_CasolaroFricker, Richard L. The Inslaw Octopus, Wired, March/April 1993.

[xv]  Marshall, Carol, The Last Circle, Http://www.lycaeum.org/books/books/last_circle/6.htm,     8/24/2005. p. 1

[xvi] Ibid.  Chapter  p.   

[xvii]   DeRienzo, Paul,  “Death of a Journalist Exposes a Secret Government”, November 1991.

[xviii] DeFrienzo, Ibid.

[xix] Marshall, Chapter 17          .

[xx]   Ibid.

[xxi]   Chapter 10

[xxii]   Ibid.

[xxiii]   Ibid.

[xxiv]  Casalaro, Dan. "Memorandum for the File," dated 6/25/91

The Hillary Myth & the Good Reverend Wright

The Hillary Myth and the Good Reverend Wright ?  

By John S. Phillips      5/3/2008

 For this is a year of choice- a year when we choose not simply who will lead us, but where we wish to be led; the country we want for ourselves, and the kind we want for our children.  If this year of choice we fashion new polices out of old illusions, we ensure ourselves nothing but crisis for the future, and we bequeath to our children the bitter harvest of those crisis.

Robert F. Kennedy     March 18, 1968

 It is 3AM in the morning and the phone rings at the White House who should the American public entrust to answer the phone.  A man whose ties to the Reverend Wright make his views radical and out of touch with reality or a talented Senator from New York who already has 8 years experience in the White House.  Listening to the media coverage since the evolution of the Wright issues, the public is led to believe, this is a simple question of Right from Wrong?  But the sudden rise of Reverend Wright as a decisive political issue deserves more investigation especially considering that his recent speaking engagement at the National Press Club was arranged and sponsored by an ardent Hillary supporter.

 The media has focused its criticism of Reverend Wright on two main ideas he presented:  1) The 9/11 tragedy was caused in part by past US government policies, 2) the AIDS virus came from US government labs and is part of a larger conspiracy to keep Black America in chains. Reverend Wright is neither the first nor the last US citizens to come to these conclusions.  The corporate media has once again failed the public by ignoring the historical basis of these comments, preferring to paint Reverend Wright and therefore Senator Obama as anti-American and a believer in the radical conspiracy theories of the far left, the Anti-War movement, and what Wayne Madsen has aptly termed the Internet irregulars.

The good Reverend Wright unfortunately is behind the times.  He does not understand the cause of the 9/11 strategy or its connection to the most important problem facing Black Americans for the last 40 years, the illegal drug trade.   There is no single issue more important for improving the lives of Black Americans or the inner city poor than the drug issue.  With the number of US citizens in prison and jail approaching 3 million at an estimated cost of over $300 billion a year by conservative estimates, the drug problem has crippled the chance of the recovery of the inner city.  There is no chance for its recovery with out the full disclosure of the role that the US government played in this problem. The US government has been actively involved in importing narcotics into the United States since the death of John F. Kennedy. 

 The single most important debate that has not even touched the lips of the corporate media is that both Bill and Hillary Clinton were involved in the importation of cocaine into the Untied States during the Iran Contra Affair.  If Hillary were to get the Democratic nomination and be elected President, we can be assured of the fact that like Presidents Clinton and Bush before her she will do nothing to address the biggest scandal in US history:  US government involvement in the narcotics trade.  A complete investigation into this problem is the start of any program to rebuild the inner city.  The final recovery of the money generated by the illegal drug trade is the funding solution for rebuilding inner city life.

And while Hillary and Bill can not be singled out in this regard if Bill had not been involved in the trade during his tenure as Governor of Arkansas, the shape of the current political landscape would be vastly different both politically and economically.  The rebuilding of America inner cities is going to be a multi trillion dollar project, the cash that can be recovered from the drug trade will provide a good start for this project.  But the first step in solving this problem is putting someone in the White House who was not part of the problem.

The History:   Vietnam: A bag of heroin a day keeps the Democrats at bay.

No other political movement has profited more from the sale of illegal drugs than the Central Intelligence Agency.   I say political movement because it has been clear from the start that the use of the sale of illegal drugs has been a major fundraising practice for individuals with corrupt political agendas.  This began in earnest when the CIA and FBI established its kiss and don’t tell policy with Organized Crime.  This relationship has been responsible for the creation of more havoc in US cities over the last 5 decades than any external enemy that we have previously faced or ever will face.   The amount of money that has been obtained illegally through these activities is greater than our national debt.  The recovery of the profits from these illegal actively would more than stabilize Social Security and it might even balance the budget.  Our duty as concerned citizens is to recover these ill gotten gains and to restore American Faith in this Republic.

CIA’s involvement in the drug trade has been more than just a little help for a close friend.  In 1971 former Green Beret, Sgt. Paul Withers testified at "The Winter Soldier Hearings" in Boston, about his job description while he was on loan to the CIA in 1966.

   "The mission in Laos was to make friends with the Meo people and organize and train them to fight the Pathet Lao.  One of the main task was to buy up the entire local opium crop.  About twice a week an Air American plane would arrive with supplies and kilo bags of gold dust.    Paul gave the gold to the Meo in return for their bags of opium which were loaded on the plane."[i]

As Richard Nixon prepared his run for the White House, he proposed that American’s not only seek to destroy the communists in Vietnam, but also asked Americans to band together in an all out War on Drugs.  As it turned out, Nixon's War on Drugs had two prime objectives.  The first was to put the international heroin trade and its tremendous cash flow in the hands of his political allies.  Secondly, by blaming the anti-war movement for the drug problem, he intended to give the public the idea that the peace movement was set on destroying the American way of Life.  This was the prefect fuel for Nixon’s law and order domestic agenda. 

Henrik Kruger, The Great Heroin Coup, believes the details of this strategy were planned shortly after Nixon's reelection in 1968.  He states:

"Involved in one way or another in the planning, the execution, or both, were:  President Nixon and part of the White House staff; Meyer Lansky's corporate gangsters syndicate- in particular its Cuban exile wing run by Florida capo Santo Trafficante, Jr.; The Cuba/China lobby; ultra reactionary forces in Southeast Asia, primarily the Kuomintang Chinese on Taiwan, and in the Golden Triangle; and intelligence and law enforcement factions of the CIA and BNDD/DEA."[ii]

Alfred McCoy, The Politics of Heroin, convincingly outlines the results of US government complicity in the drug trade. 

"From 1934 to 1970, the slow pressure of League drug diplomacy had forced a reduction in global opium production from 7,600 tons to only 1,000.  In the following 20 years, however, the failure of the DEA's suppression efforts combined with the CIA complicity in the global traffic allowed world opium production to multiply fourfold to 4,200 pounds by 1989. Significantly, some 3000 tons, or 73 percent of the 1989 total , came from Southeast Asia, where CIA had worked with the region's drug lords for twenty-four years."[iii]

During both the Vietnam era, and the 1980’s the Republicans road the drug issue into office.  America was being consumed by liberal culture according to them, and it was leading to the down fall of the American Youth, and destruction of the American way of life.  And here is the smoking gun, while using the media and research institutions to back up their political ideology; they simultaneously flooded the American Streets with heroin in the case of the Vietnam War, and Cocaine during the conflicts in Central America.

The Carter Years

The first goal of Jimmy Carter was to stop CIA covert action abroad.  If his policy to stop human right policies aboard was to succeed, he knew the U.S. must set a good example.  The first step he took to accomplish this step was to fire George Bush as head of the CIA.  Unfortunately Carter did not realize that the CIA had sufficient funding to run covert actions with the profits from the drug trade. 

On March 18, 1978 an article in the Boston Globe proclaimed:   "Senate Investigation into drug trading should begin at home.

"But of all government and government agencies complicit in heroin traffic none should be of more interest to the Senate Intelligence Committee than the Central Intelligence Agency."

The extent of the intelligence community’s complicity in drug trafficking will only be known with a complete release of all document in this area. But what we do know from empirical science is that prior to the assassination of John F. Kennedy, there were approximately 50,000 addicts, and 10 years later at the height of the Vietnam War, there were closer to 1,000,000 addicts.  What role the FBI and CIA had in this heroin epidemic will only be known by the release of still secret document from this era.  One thing that we know for sure is that the amount of money generated from the trading of illegal drugs skyrocketed after Kennedy’s assassination.  In 1960 the total heroin consumption for a group of 50,000 addicts amounted to about $1.8 Billion per year.  By the end of the decade, with a 1,000,000 addicts the cash flow would amount to $36 Billion or about $69 million per day.  Once you understand that the heroin trade was the pay off for the Kennedy Assassination understanding how the history of the 70’s unfolded is much easier.

As presidential election season grew near, the Republicans began to mold there political machine much in the fashion that Nixon had during the Watergate Era.  This new effort to control public opinion through disinformation would come into a new era during 1978 and 1979.  Bill Weinberg, "George Bush, The Superspy, Drug-dealing President", writes:

Bill Casey, the CIA man who was an old friend of Bush's dad, was appointed Reagan campaign manager, and would be rewarded with the post of CIA director after the Reagan victory.  Casey had a vision of a "private CIA" which would not be funded by- or answerable to- Congress.  Honneger says that Casey and Bush launched this spy network during the 1980 campaign.  She quotes an aid to Representative John Conyers:  "William Casey set up a mammoth intelligence operation, including past and present members of the military and intelligence communities, to spy on Carter's negotiations with Iran."[iv]

 This new privately funded "Secret Team" was already hard at work planning to expand its drug distribution network.  This, of course, is the same secret team that has been involved in the illegal torture and debriefing of prisoners in Iraq and Afghanistan, now famous for the Iraqi prison abuse scandal.  This secret team had perfected technique for torturing prisoners, and as we will learn American citizens for more than 50 years.  This secret team played a major role in defeating Jimmy Carter in 1980, much as they played the same role in Florida for George Bush Light during the 2000 presidential race.  Now with control of the White House, they unleashed their new political weapon that seemed like it had unlimited potential, Cocaine.      

 While Reagan took to the airwaves much like Nixon had 10 years before to initiate his own personal `War on Drugs'. Bush as head of the South Florida Task Force began to arrange a plan of action. A cocaine epidemic had gone from the planning stages to a plan of action.  While the media highlighted a series of cocaine seizures, George Bush's first move would be to close down Central America's only DEA office in Honduras.[v]   Within a few months the CIA was moving large quantities of Cocaine to the US through various places in Central America.

 While DEA publications and efforts focused on the threat of drugs over the Mexican border, a new supply network was set up.

"Under North's direction, Shackley and Clines recruited their old Operation Mongoose pals to run contra's re-supply operation at El Salvador's Eloping, formed shadow companies to build clandestine jungle airstrips-established the Contras as a link in the Medellin Cartel's Andesto-Maimi cocaine trail."[vi]

How successful would this new smuggling operation be?  Between 1976 and 1988 the amount of cocaine entering the US had increase from 16 metric tons to 90 metric tons.  Gang wars in city streets turned American political opinion more conservative assuring Republican victories at election time.  The operation had gone as planned. 

Appearing on the television show hosted by Geraldo Rivera, `Now It Can Be Told', Richard Breneke described his first job for the illegal Contra Supply network.  Southern Air Transport, a subsidiary of Air America famous for transporting heroin during the Vietnam War, had hired Breneke.  Upon returning to an air strip in Mena Arkansas from Central America, he discovered a large box had been placed in his plane for return shipment to the US.  He opened the box and discovered it was filled with pure cocaine.  He became enraged and called his supervisor, national security advisor, Donald Gregg, Vice President Bush’s National Security Advisor.  Gregg told Breneke to mind his own business that his job was as a pilot not as a policy setter.[vii]  

Reports also surfaced during the show that a prisoner was being held in prison in Washington State who had evidence of the use of 5 different US airstrips by the Contra Supply network to smuggle drug to fund Oliver North and his contra army.

Compromised: Clinton, Bush and the CIA 

The public ….has the right to know about the CIA sponsoring candidates for U.S. Presidency and, thereby, compromising themselves and their values.  We wrote this book because, otherwise, there would be no assurances that the truth would ever be told.[viii]

In 1994 Terry Reed and John Cummings wrote, Compromised: Clinton, Bush and the CIA, that outlined a strategy where by the Bush family sought to compromise the Democrats by involving them in a scandal he had been part of since before the Vietnam War, cocaine trafficking.  During the early 1980’s, Arkansas became a central hub not only for planes landing with shipment of Cocaine from Central America, but also for the laundering of the profits from the trade.  Terry Reed had been recruited by Oliver North to help coordinate the trade of illegal weapons and cocaine with North’s partners in Central America.  Central in this planning effort was the notorious Barry Seal. 

Barry Seal had played a major role in CIA complicity in the drug trade for many years.  He knew more about the inner workings of the DEA, CIA, FBI and other agencies that turned blind eye to US government involvement in drug trafficking than anyone.  In a 1986 the Louisiana Attorney General wrote a letter to Edwin Messe stating that Barry Seale had been personally responsible for the importation of $3 to $5 billion worth of cocaine into the United States.

According to Reed, Seal’s planes were outfitted with sophisticated military style communication systems that received its flight plans from satellites allowing it to evade detection flying in and out of the United States.  On one such flight Seal reveals to Reed how cocaine was being used to neutralize Bush’s potential political opponents. 

"So you've got direct knowledge of the Republicans trying to neutralize some Democrats before they can nuke Bush with this?"

"Hell yeah. I've been part of it.   Remember in that meeting I told you I had a plan to blow the lid off the whole damn Mena deal and shut it down due to adverse publicity? Well, what I didn't tell you was that project was already in effect, and the Republicans were already trying to neutralize some important people in Arkansas...namely the Clinton family."

"Let's don't call it cocaine. Let's just call it neutralizin' powder. Least that's the way the Bush family saw it. This is just one family warrin' against another.  Just like the Mob. "[ix]

 In 1996 Michael Ruppert, prepared a statement for the US Senate Select Committee on Intelligence investigating allegations of US government involvement in drug trafficking.  Ruppert had dedicated his life to stopping US government involvement in drug trafficking since discovering as a Los Angles police officer that the enforcement community was turning a blind eye to the importation of drugs into the Untied States.  He documented efforts by the CIA in operation Pegasus, and Watchtower to install radar beacons that allowed planes flying out of Columbia to evade radar as they headed for Manuel Noriega’s Panama.   He states:  The missions are Iran-Contra era operations and directly link to admitted Agency operations at Mena, Arkansas where tons of cocaine were smuggled by Agency personnel into this country. That smuggling took place under direct orders from the highest levels of this government.

The investigative material, contrary to denials, is overwhelming, irrefutable and shows a direct link between then Governor Bill Clinton and CIA operations.[x]

Like many before them Reed and Seal suffered the consequences of eating from the hand of the beast.  Reed survived, Seal did not.  Reed was framed in an insurance fraud scheme.  During the discovery phase of his trail, he obtained a 1987 document proving what he had known all along that the FBI was warning the DEA and the CIA that the operation in Mena Arkansas was about to be exposed by the media.  The documents also confirmed that Seal was a CIA operative.[xi] 

Barry Seal a year before being sentenced on drug trafficking charges, traveled to Washington DC to testify before the Presidents Commission on Organized Crime.  He stated that he was moving drugs for the cartel with direct support of the US government.  He described how he had used Department of Defense navigation and communication equipment designed for nuclear war to avoid being detected by military radar while making gun and drug shipments.[xii]  Shortly after accepting a plea bargain from the US Attorney in Louisiana, Seal died in a hail of gun fire from members of the Medellin cartel on February 18, 1987.  The media characterized the assassination as a successful attempt by the Medellin Cartel to silence a potential witness against them.  Those who understand history know this was the killing of a man who could connect many powerful government officials with a coordinated effort to raise money for illegal political activities at home and abroad.

In 1997 article titled, “CIA Linked to Seal’s Assassination”, Daniel Hopsicker interviews two New Orleans attorneys who provide important details about Barry Seal.  Sam Dalton, representing the Seal’s Columbian assassins, questioned the CIA about its involvement in Seals death during the penalty phase of their trail.  During discovery Dalton gained access to the contents of Seal’s trunk.  It was apparent that the FBI had done a good job removing any incriminating evident before they handed over the contents of the truck, but they missed the “smoking gun”.  Dalton states: "But they had missed a few things that indicated just how valuable that trunk was.  Because that's where that phone number was. That's where we found George Bush's private phone number.  They were regularly talking to each other very seriously over what was probably a secure phone.  Barry Seal was in direct contact with George Bush.” [xiii]

Lewis Unglesby who represented Barry Seal in 1986 recalled the first time he became aware of how high Barry Seal’s connections in the Untied States government were.  He states:  “I sat him down one time, and said: I cannot represent you effectively unless I know what is going on. Barry smiled, and gave me a number, and told me to call it, and identify myself as him (Seal.)

I dialed the number, a little dubiously, and a pleasant female

voice answered: 'Office of the Vice President.'"

"This is Barry Seal," Unglesby said into the phone.

"Just a moment, sir," the secretary replied. "Then a man's voice

came on the line, identifying himself as Admiral somebody, and

said to me, 'Barry, where have you been?'"

"Excuse me, Sir, "Unglesby replied, "but my name is Lewis

Unglesby and I am Barry Seal's attorney."

There was a click, Unglesby relates. The phone went dead. "Seal

just smiled when I looked over at him in shock, and then went

back to treating me on a need-to-know basis."[xiv]

 In 1997 Celerino “Cele” Costillo III, a retired member of the DEA and author of the book "POWDERBURNS, Cocaine, Contras & The Drug War outlines the history of crack cocaine epidemic in the Untied States for the House Permanent Committee on Intelligence.

Facts of my investigation on CIA-Contras drug trafficking in El Salvador:

The key to understanding the "crack cocaine" epidemic, which exploded on our streets in 1984, lies in understanding the effect of congressional oversight on covert operations. In this case the Boland amendment(s) of the era, while intending to restrict covert operations as intended by the will of the People, only served to encourage C.I.A., the military and elements of the national intelligence community to completely bypass the

Congress and the Constitution in an eager and often used covert policy of funding prohibited operations with drug money.

As my friend and colleague Michael Ruppert has pointed out through his own experience in the 1970s, CIA has often bypassed congressional intent by resorting to the drug trade (Vietnam, Laos, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, etc).

When the Boland Amendment(s) cut the Contras off from a continued U.S. government subsidy, George Bush, his national security adviser Don Gregg, and Ollie North, turned to certain foreign governments, and to private contributions, to replace government dollars. Criminal sources of contributions were not excluded. By the end of 1981, through a series

of Executive Orders and National Security Decision Directives, many of which have been declassified, Vice President Bush was placed in charge of all Reagan administration intelligence operations. All of the covert operations carried out by officers of the CIA, the Pentagon, and every other federal agency, along with a rogue army of former intelligenceOperatives and foreign agents were commanded by George Bush.”[xv]

Since their arrival on the national scene in 1992, Hillary has always insisted that she and Bill are a two for one package.  Many of Hillary’s supporters claim that it is unfair to tie her to the sins of her husband much like supports of our current president insisted that he not be linked with the crimes against humanity by his father.  But in reality Bill and Hillary are linked by the political forces that empower them knowing that an independent Justice Department Investigation into these activities will destroy the political ambitions of the people involved. 

In an article originally appearing in Penthouse magazine in 1995, and later mysterious dropped by the Washington Post after accepting it for publication,  “The Crimes of Mena”, Sally Denton and Roger Morris:  “The tons of drugs that Seal and his associates brought into the country, officials agree, affected tens of thousands of lives at the least, and exacted an incalculable toll on American society. And for the three presidents, the enduring questions of political scandal are once again apt: What did they know about Mena? When did they know it? Why didn't they do anything to stop it? ….. The crimes of Mena were real. That much is now documented beyond doubt. The only remaining issues are how far they extended, and who was responsible.”[xvi]

The Clintons’ involvement in this scandal has done more to harm the Democratic Party over the last 20 years than any other single issue.  The illegal drug trade has provided the money and political muscle to mislead the public on the issue of Homeland Security.  The current War of Terrorism is a carbon copy of the PSY-OPS program used by the Nixon administration when they launched the War on Drugs.  With an understanding of this history in place, we can now proceed to dissect Reverend’s Wright allegation that 9/11 was caused in part by past US government policies.  For the seeds for 9/11 where buried deep in the politics of the international drug and arms trade.

    [i]  Committee of Concerned Asian Scholars, Southeast Asia: The Opium Trail, Boston, 1972, p.62

    [ii]  H. Kruger, The Great Heroin Coup, Boston:  South End Press, 1980 p.122

    [iii]  A. McCoy, The Politics of Heroin, New York:  Lawrence Books, 1991. p.19  This book was originally published in 1972 under the title, The Politics of Heroin in Southeast Asia.  When it was re-released in 1991 it was almost       impossible to find on book store shelves and reports surfaced that the Central Intelligence Agency was buying up as many copies as it could.

    [iv]  Bill Weinberg, High Times, November, 1992.

    [v]  P.D. Scott, Cocaine Politics,  1991.  Scott outlines the details of the strategy used to set up the movemnt of Cocaine through Houndras and Costa Rica. 

    [vi]   B. Weinberg, Ibid. p.58

[vii]  For more information see:  THE ORAL DEPOSITION OF RICHARD J. BRENNEKE, a witness produced at the request of the Attorney General's Office, taken in the above-styled and numbered cause 21st day of June, 1991, before Jeff Bennett, C.C.R., Certificate of BUSHMAN COURT REPORTING, INC., Notary and for White County, Arkansas at the Office of the Attorney 323 Center Street, Little Rock, Arkansas at 10:10 a.m.

 [viii]  Terry Reed and John Cummings , Compromised: Clinton, Bush and the CIA , p9-10,   S.P.I. Books, New York, New York, 1994.

 [ix]  Ibid. p. 213

[x]   Michael Ruppert, prepared for Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, November 15, 1996.

 [xi]  Compromised, p 198

[xii]  Ibid. , p.  221

[xiii]   Daneil Hopsicker, CIA Linked to Seal’s Assassination,  George Bush’s Personal Phone Number Found in Seals’ Trunk,  The Washington Weekly, Aug. 18, 1997

[xiv]  Ibid. p. 2

[xv]   Written Statement of Celerino Castillo III, For the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, April 27, 1998. 

[xvi]   , Sally Denton and Roger Morris, “The Crimes of Mena”, Penthouse Magazine, February 1995.

5 Historical facts missing from Senate Torture Report

The 5 historical facts missing from the Senate Torture Report

The hottest place in hell are reserved for those who in a time of moral crisis maintain there neutrality.   Dr. Martin Luther King

1.   Crossing the Rubicon by Michael Ruppert, I will name Dick Cheney as the prime suspect in the murders of 9/11…

Know your history, Michael Ruppert speaks at Commonwealth Club- August 2004

2.   "The Black Eagle Trust and 9/11” by Peter Burk

”On that fateful day [9/11], the Securities and Exchange Commission declared a national emergency, and for the first time in U.S. history, invoked its emergency powers under Securities Exchange Act Section 12(k) easing regulatory restrictions for clearing and settling security trades for the next 15 days. These changes would allow an estimated $240 billion in covert government securities to be cleared upon maturity without the standard regulatory controls around identification of ownership."

 The Black Eagle Trust and 9/11

 3.  9/11 Pentagon Attack - Behind the Smoke Curtain by Barbara Honegger 

On September 10, 2001, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld informed the American public that $1.5 trillion in Pentagon spending did not have an audit trail.   The Navy had begun a financial investigation into these missing funds, and the terror attack on the Pentagon would kill many of the servicemen working on this investigation.   An explosion occurred inside the Pentagon, 7 minutes before the event that brought down part of the exterior structure.

9/11 Pentagon Attack- Behind the Smoke Curtain

 4.  “The Israel Art Students and Movers”  by Wayne Madsen

The possibility that the suspicious Israeli activity was linked to the movements of Al Qaeda cells cannot be brushed aside as merely coincidental. For example, a number of the Israelis arrested for suspicious activities involving selling bogus Israeli art and driving moving vans were concentrated in some of the same neighborhoods where a number of the 911 Saudi and other Arab hijackers lived and trained at flight schools.

Israel Art Students and Movers

5. 9/11 and Israel:  Alan Sabrosky’s Shocking Press TV Interview

 Was Mossad involved in the 9/11 attacks?  A former US Army War College Professor Speaks


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